PUBLICATION

Structure and function of the Smoothened extracellular domain in vertebrate Hedgehog signaling

Authors
Nachtergaele, S., Whalen, D.M., Mydock, L.K., Zhao, Z., Malinauskas, T., Krishnan, K., Ingham, P.W., Covey, D.F., Siebold, C., and Rohatgi, R.
ID
ZDB-PUB-131122-9
Date
2013
Source
eLIFE   2: e01340 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Ingham, Philip, Zhao, Zhonghua
Keywords
none
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Escherichia coli/genetics
  • Escherichia coli/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Hedgehog Proteins/chemistry*
  • Hedgehog Proteins/genetics
  • Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/chemistry*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins/chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins/genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sterols/chemistry*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed
24171105 Full text @ Elife
Abstract

The Hedgehog (Hh) signal is transduced across the membrane by the heptahelical protein Smoothened (Smo), a developmental regulator, oncoprotein and drug target in oncology. We present the 2.3 Å crystal structure of the extracellular cysteine rich domain (CRD) of vertebrate Smo and show that it binds to oxysterols, endogenous lipids that activate Hh signaling. The oxysterol-binding groove in the Smo CRD is analogous to that used by Frizzled 8 to bind to the palmitoleyl group of Wnt ligands and to similar pockets used by other Frizzled-like CRDs to bind hydrophobic ligands. The CRD is required for signaling in response to native Hh ligands, showing that it is an important regulatory module for Smo activation. Indeed, targeting of the Smo CRD by oxysterol-inspired small molecules can block signaling by all known classes of Hh activators and by clinically relevant Smo mutants.

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Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes