ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-131119-6
tbx2a Is Required for Specification of Endodermal Pouches during Development of the Pharyngeal Arches
Thi Thu, H.N., Haw Tien, S.F., Loh, S.L., Bok Yan, J.S., and Korzh, V.
Date: 2013
Source: PLoS One   8(10): e77171 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Korzh, Vladimir, Loh, Siau Lin
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning*
  • Branchial Region/embryology*
  • Endoderm/embryology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Mesoderm/embryology
  • T-Box Domain Proteins/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 24130849 Full text @ PLoS One

Tbx2 is a member of the T-box family of transcription factors essential for embryo- and organogenesis. A deficiency in the zebrafish paralogue tbx2a causes abnormalities of the pharyngeal arches in a p53-independent manner. The pharyngeal arches are formed by derivatives of all three embryonic germ layers: endodermal pouches, mesenchymal condensations and neural crest cells. While tbx2a expression is restricted to the endodermal pouches, its function is required for the normal morphogenesis of the entire pharyngeal arches. Given the similar function of Tbx1 in craniofacial development, we explored the possibility of an interaction between Tbx1 and Tbx2a. The use of bimolecular fluorescence complementation revealed the interaction between Tbx2a and Tbx1, thus providing support for the idea that functional interaction between different, co-expressed Tbx proteins could be a common theme across developmental processes in cell lineages and tissues. Together, this work provides mechanistic insight into the role of TBX2 in human disorders affecting the face and neck.