ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-131119-12
alpha2-Chimaerin Regulates a Key Axon Guidance Transition during Development of the Oculomotor Projection
Clark, C., Austen, O., Poparic, I., and Guthrie, S.
Date: 2013
Source: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience   33(42): 16540-16551 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Axons/metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemotaxis/physiology*
  • Chimerin 1/genetics
  • Chimerin 1/metabolism*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Duane Retraction Syndrome/genetics
  • Duane Retraction Syndrome/metabolism
  • Eye Movements/physiology*
  • Microtubules/metabolism
  • Neurons/metabolism
  • Oculomotor Nerve/metabolism*
  • Pseudopodia/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction/physiology
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 24133258 Full text @ J. Neurosci.
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ABSTRACT

The ocular motor system consists of three nerves which innervate six muscles to control eye movements. In humans, defective development of this system leads to eye movement disorders, such as Duane Retraction Syndrome, which can result from mutations in the α2-chimaerin signaling molecule. We have used the zebrafish to model the role of α2-chimaerin during development of the ocular motor system. We first mapped ocular motor spatiotemporal development, which occurs between 24 and 72 h postfertilization (hpf), with the oculomotor nerve following an invariant sequence of growth and branching to its muscle targets. We identified 52 hpf as a key axon guidance “transition,” when oculomotor axons reach the orbit and select their muscle targets. Live imaging and quantitation showed that, at 52 hpf, axons undergo a switch in behavior, with striking changes in the dynamics of filopodia. We tested the role of α2-chimaerin in this guidance process and found that axons expressing gain-of-function α2-chimaerin isoforms failed to undergo the 52 hpf transition in filopodial dynamics, leading to axon stalling. α2-chimaerin loss of function led to ecotopic and misguided branching and hypoplasia of oculomotor axons; embryos had defective eye movements as measured by the optokinetic reflex. Manipulation of chimaerin signaling in oculomotor neurons in vitro led to changes in microtubule stability. These findings demonstrate that a correct level of α2-chimaerin signaling is required for key oculomotor axon guidance decisions, and provide a zebrafish model for Duane Retraction Syndrome.

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