The correct asymmetric placement of inner organs is termed situs solitus and is determined early during development. Failure in symmetry breaking results in conditions ranging from randomized organ arrangement to a complete mirror image, often accompanied by severe congenital heart defects (CHDs). We found that the zebrafish homolog of mammalian G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 (GRK5) employs noncanonical, receptor-independent functions to secure symmetry breaking. Knockdown of GRK5's closest homolog in zebrafish embryos, Grk5l, is sufficient to randomize cardiac looping and left-right asymmetry. Mechanistically, we found that loss of GRK5 increases mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity. This causes elongation of motile cilia in the organ of laterality, a consequence that is known to be sufficient to trigger aberrant organ arrangement. By fine-tuning mTORC1, GRK5 thus serves an unanticipated function during early development, besides its well-characterized role in the adult heart. These findings could implicate GRK5 as a susceptibility allele for certain cases of CHD.