ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130710-123
Lineage-Specific Expansion of IFIT Gene Family: An Insight into Coevolution with IFN Gene Family
Liu, Y., Zhang, Y.B., Liu, T.K., and Gui, J.F.
Date: 2013
Source: PLoS One   8(6): e66859 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Gui, Jian-Fang, Zhang, Yi-Bing
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Fish Proteins/genetics
  • Fishes/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects
  • Humans
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3/genetics
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-7/genetics
  • Interferons/genetics*
  • Interferons/pharmacology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family/genetics*
  • Phylogeny
  • Poly I-C/pharmacology
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
  • Protein Isoforms/classification
  • Protein Isoforms/genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Synteny
  • Vertebrates/classification
  • Vertebrates/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/classification
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
PubMed: 23818968 Full text @ PLoS One

In mammals, IFIT (Interferon [IFN]-induced proteins with Tetratricopeptide Repeat [TPR] motifs) family genes are involved in many cellular and viral processes, which are tightly related to mammalian IFN response. However, little is known about non-mammalian IFIT genes. In the present study, IFIT genes are identified in the genome databases from the jawed vertebrates including the cartilaginous elephant shark but not from non-vertebrates such as lancelet, sea squirt and acorn worm, suggesting that IFIT gene family originates from a vertebrate ancestor about 450 million years ago. IFIT family genes show conserved gene structure and gene arrangements. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that this gene family has expanded through lineage-specific and species-specific gene duplication. Interestingly, IFN gene family seem to share a common ancestor and a similar evolutionary mechanism; the function link of IFIT genes to IFN response is present early since the origin of both gene families, as evidenced by the finding that zebrafish IFIT genes are upregulated by fish IFNs, poly(I:C) and two transcription factors IRF3/IRF7, likely via the IFN-stimulated response elements (ISRE) within the promoters of vertebrate IFIT family genes. These coevolution features creates functional association of both family genes to fulfill a common biological process, which is likely selected by viral infection during evolution of vertebrates. Our results are helpful for understanding of evolution of vertebrate IFN system.