ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130425-1
Identification of a novel gig2 gene family specific to non-amniote vertebrates
Zhang, Y.B., Liu, T.K., Jiang, J., Shi, J., Liu, Y., Li, S., and Gui, J.F.
Date: 2013
Source: PLoS One   8(4): e60588 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Gui, Jian-Fang, Zhang, Yi-Bing
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Fishes/genetics
  • Gene Duplication
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family*
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Species Specificity
  • Vertebrates/classification*
  • Vertebrates/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 23593256 Full text @ PLoS One

Gig2 (grass carp reovirus (GCRV)-induced gene 2) is first identified as a novel fish interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene (ISG). Overexpression of a zebrafish Gig2 gene can protect cultured fish cells from virus infection. In the present study, we identify a novel gene family that is comprised of genes homologous to the previously characterized Gig2. EST/GSS search and in silico cloning identify 190 Gig2 homologous genes in 51 vertebrate species ranged from lampreys to amphibians. Further large-scale search of vertebrate and invertebrate genome databases indicate that Gig2 gene family is specific to non-amniotes including lampreys, sharks/rays, ray-finned fishes and amphibians. Phylogenetic analysis and synteny analysis reveal lineage-specific expansion of Gig2 gene family and also provide valuable evidence for the fish-specific genome duplication (FSGD) hypothesis. Although Gig2 family proteins exhibit no significant sequence similarity to any known proteins, a typical Gig2 protein appears to consist of two conserved parts: an N-terminus that bears very low homology to the catalytic domains of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs), and a novel C-terminal domain that is unique to this gene family. Expression profiling of zebrafish Gig2 family genes shows that some duplicate pairs have diverged in function via acquisition of novel spatial and/or temporal expression under stresses. The specificity of this gene family to non-amniotes might contribute to a large extent to distinct physiology in non-amniote vertebrates.