ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-121130-10
Lack of Developmental Redundancy between Unc45 Proteins in Zebrafish Muscle Development
Comyn, S.A., and Pilgrim, D.
Date: 2012
Source: PLoS One   7(11): e48861 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Pilgrim, David
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning/genetics
  • Branchial Region/embryology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Embryonic Development/genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Molecular Chaperones/genetics
  • Molecular Chaperones/metabolism
  • Molecular Chaperones/physiology*
  • Muscle Development/genetics
  • Muscle, Skeletal/embryology
  • Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Myosins/genetics
  • Myosins/metabolism
  • Myosins/physiology
  • Phenotype
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology
PubMed: 23144999 Full text @ PLoS One

Since the majority of protein-coding genes in vertebrates have intra-genomic homologues, it has been difficult to eliminate the potential of functional redundancy from analyses of mutant phenotypes, whether produced by genetic lesion or transient knockdown. Further complicating these analyses, not all gene products have activities that can be assayed in vitro, where the efficiency of the various family members can be compared against constant substrates. Two vertebrate UNC-45 homologues, unc45a and unc45b, affect distinct stages of muscle differentiation when knocked down in cell culture and are functionally redundant in vitro. UNC-45 proteins are members of the UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/She4p) protein family that has been shown to regulate myosin-dependent functions from fungi to vertebrates through direct interaction with the myosin motor domain. To test whether the same functional relationship exists between these unc45 paralogs in vivo, we examined the developmental phenotypes of doubly homozygous unc45b/; unc45a/ mutant zebrafish embryos. We focused specifically on the combined effects on morphology and gene expression resulting from the zygotic lack of both paralogs. We found that unc45b/ and unc45b/; unc45a/ embryos were phenotypically indistinguishable with both mutants displaying identical cardiac, skeletal muscle, and jaw defects. We also found no evidence to support a role for zygotic Unc45a function in myoblast differentiation. In contrast to previous in vitro work, this rules out a model of functional redundancy between Unc45a and Unc45b in vivo. Instead, our phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses provide evidence for the role of functional divergence in the evolution of the UCS protein family.