ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-121121-7
Zebrafish models flex their muscles to shed light on muscular dystrophies
Berger, J., and Currie, P.D.
Date: 2012
Source: Disease models & mechanisms   5(6): 726-732 (Review)
Registered Authors: Berger, Joachim, Currie, Peter D.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal/pathology*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Animal/congenital
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Animal/pathology*
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
PubMed: 23115202 Full text @ Dis. Model. Mech.

Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders that specifically affect skeletal muscle and are characterized by progressive muscle degeneration and weakening. To develop therapies and treatments for these diseases, a better understanding of the molecular basis of muscular dystrophies is required. Thus, identification of causative genes mutated in specific disorders and the study of relevant animal models are imperative. Zebrafish genetic models of human muscle disorders often closely resemble disease pathogenesis, and the optical clarity of zebrafish embryos and larvae enables visualization of dynamic molecular processes in vivo. As an adjunct tool, morpholino studies provide insight into the molecular function of genes and allow rapid assessment of candidate genes for human muscular dystrophies. This unique set of attributes makes the zebrafish model system particularly valuable for the study of muscle diseases. This review discusses how recent research using zebrafish has shed light on the pathological basis of muscular dystrophies, with particular focus on the muscle cell membrane and the linkage between the myofibre cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix.