ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-121004-15
Early life stage trimethyltin exposure induces ADP-ribosylation factor expression and perturbs the vascular system in zebrafish
Chen, J., Huang, C., Truong, L., La Du, J., Tilton, S.C., Waters, K.M., Lin, K., Tanguay, R.L., and Dong, Q.
Date: 2012
Source: Toxicology 302(2-3): 129-139 (Journal)
Registered Authors: La Du, Jane K., Tanguay, Robert L., Tilton, Susan C.
Keywords: zebrafish, trimethyltin chloride, vascular, ADP-ribosylation factors (arf), gene expression
Microarrays: GEO:GSE28131
MeSH Terms: ADP-Ribosylation Factors/genetics; ADP-Ribosylation Factors/metabolism*; Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Cardiovascular System/drug effects* (all 19) expand
PubMed: 23000284 Full text @ Toxicology
FIGURES   (current status)
ABSTRACT

Trimethyltin chloride (TMT) is an organotin contaminant, widely detected in aqueous environments, posing potential human and environmental risks. In this study, we utilized the zebrafish model to investigate the impact of transient TMT exposure on developmental progression, angiogenesis, and cardiovascular development. Embryos were waterborne exposed to a wide TMT concentration range from 8 to 96 h post fertilization (hpf). The TMT concentration that led to mortality in 50% of the embryos (LC50) at 96 hpf was 8.2 μM; malformations in 50% of the embryos (EC50) was 2.8 μM. The predominant response observed in surviving embryos was pericardial edema. Additionally, using the Tg (fli1a: EGFP) y1 transgenic zebrafish line to non-invasively monitor vascular development, TMT exposure led to distinct disarrangements in the vascular system. The most susceptible developmental stage to TMT exposure was between 48 and 72 hpf. High density whole genome microarrays were used to identify the early transcriptional changes following TMT exposure from 48 to 60 hpf or 72 hpf. In total, 459 transcripts were differentially expressed at least 2-fold (P < 0.05) by TMT compared to control. Using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) tools, it was revealed that the transcripts misregulated by TMT exposure were clustered in numerous categories including metabolic and cardiovascular disease, cellular function, cell death, molecular transport, and physiological development. In situ localization of highly elevated transcripts revealed intense staining of ADP-ribosylation factors arf3 and arf5 in the head, trunk, and tail regions. When arf5 expression was blocked by morpholinos, the zebrafish did not display the prototypical TMT-induced vascular deficits, indicating that the induction of arf5 was necessary for TMT-induced vascular toxicity.

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