ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120612-7
Expression analysis of zebrafish membrane type-2 matrix metalloproteinases during embryonic development
Quick, R.E., Dunlap, J.A., and Jessen, J.R.
Date: 2012
Source: Gene expression patterns : GEP   12(7-8): 254-260 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Jessen, Jason R.
Keywords: fin buds, matrix metalloproteinases, Mmp15, MT2-MMP, pharyngeal arches, proctodeum, pronephric duct, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Brain/embryology
  • Brain/enzymology
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/enzymology*
  • Embryonic Development
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 15/genetics*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 15/metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Organ Specificity
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 22684036 Full text @ Gene Expr. Patterns

Membrane tethered matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) cleave a variety of extracellular matrix (ECM) and non-ECM targets and play important roles during embryonic development and tumor progression. Membrane tethered MMPs in particular are important regulators of both tissue invasion and morphogenesis. Much attention has been given to understanding the function of human and mouse MMP14 (also called membrane type-1 MMP, MT1-MMP) and our own data have linked zebrafish Mmp14 to the regulation of gastrulation cell movements. However, less is known regarding the expression and function of other membrane tethered MMPs. We report the cloning and gene expression analysis of zebrafish mmp15a and mmp15b (MT2-MMP) during early embryonic and larval development. Our data show that mmp15a exhibits limited expression prior to segmentation stages and is first detected in the tectum and posterior tailbud. At 24 hours post-fertilization (hpf) mmp15a localizes to the caudal hematopoietic tissue, pectoral fin buds, and mandibular arch. By contrast, mmp15b is strongly expressed during gastrula stages before becoming restricted to the polster and anterior neural plate. From 24 to 48 hpf, mmp15b expression is detected in the pharyngeal arches, fin buds, otic vesicle, pronephric ducts, proctodeum, tail epidermis, posterior lateral line primordia, and caudal notochord. During the larval period beginning at 72 hpf, mmp15b expression becomes restricted to the brain ventricular zone, pharyngeal arches, pectoral fins, and the proctodeum. Many of the mmp15-expressing tissues have been shown to express genes encoding components of the ECM including collagens, fibronectin, and laminins. Our data thus provide a foundation for uncovering the role of Mmp15-dependent pericellular proteolysis during zebrafish embryonic development.