MicroRNA-140 (miR-140) is specifically expressed in developing cartilage tissues. We have previously reported that miR-140
plays an important role during palatal cartilage development by modulating platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (pdgfra) in zebrafish. However, the regulatory mechanism of miR-140 in cartilage is still unknown. Using developing zebrafish, sox9a mutant (sox9a-/-) and sox9b mutant (sox9b-/-) zebrafish and SOX9 small interfering RNA in human chondrocytes, T/C-28 cells, we found that miR-140 is regulated by the cartilage master transcription
regulator Sox9 in zebrafish and mammalian cells.