ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-110901-29
Mature and juvenile tissue models of regeneration in small fish species
Yoshinari, N., and Kawakami, A.
Date: 2011
Source: The Biological bulletin   221(1): 62-78 (Review)
Registered Authors: Kawakami, Atsushi
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Fins/physiology
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning
  • Cell Dedifferentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Fishes/anatomy & histology
  • Fishes/growth & development
  • Fishes/physiology*
  • Larva/physiology
  • Regeneration/genetics
  • Regeneration/physiology*
PubMed: 21876111
The multitude of cells constituting organisms are fragile and easily damaged day by day. Therefore, maintenance of tissue morphology and function is fundamental for multicellular organisms to attain long life. For proper maintenance of tissue integrity, organisms must have mechanisms that detect the loss of tissue mass, activate the de novo production of cells, and organize those cells into functional tissues. However, these processes are only poorly understood. Here we give an overview of adult and juvenile tissue regeneration models in small fish species, such as zebrafish and medaka, and highlight recent advances at the molecular level. From these advances, we have come to realize that the epidermal and mesenchymal parts of the regenerating fish fin—that is, the wound epidermis and blastema, respectively—comprise heterogeneous populations of cells with different molecular identities that can be termed "compartments." These compartments and their mutual interactions are thought to play important roles in promoting the proper progression of tissue regeneration. We further describe the current understanding of these compartments and discuss the possible approaches to affording a better understanding of their roles and interactions during regeneration.