ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-110519-1
The oriented emergence of axons from retinal ganglion cells is directed by laminin contact in vivo
Randlett, O., Poggi, L., Zolessi, F.R., and Harris, W.A.
Date: 2011
Source: Neuron   70(2): 266-280 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Harris, William A., Poggi, Lucia, Randlett, Owen, Zolessi, Flavio
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Axons/drug effects
  • Axons/physiology*
  • Cell Polarity/drug effects
  • Cell Polarity/genetics
  • Cell Polarity/physiology*
  • Centrosome/drug effects
  • Centrosome/physiology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Laminin/physiology*
  • Luminescent Proteins/genetics
  • Retina/cytology*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/cytology*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/drug effects
  • S100 Proteins/genetics
  • S100 Proteins/metabolism
  • Time-Lapse Imaging/methods
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 21521613 Full text @ Neuron

How the site of axon emergence is specified during neural development is not understood. Previous studies disagree on the relative importance of intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms. The axons of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) emerge basally in vivo, yet because RGCs develop from polarized neuroepithelial cells within a polarized environment, disentangling intrinsic and extrinsic influences is a challenge. We use time-lapse imaging to demonstrate that Laminin acting directly on RGCs is necessary and sufficient to orient axon emergence in vivo. Laminin contact with the basal processes of newborn RGCs prevents the cells from entering a stochastic Stage 2 phase, directs the rapid accumulation of the early axonal marker Kif5c560-YFP, and leads to the formation of axonal growth cones. These results suggest that contact-mediated cues may be critical for the site of axon emergence and account for the differences in cellular behavior observed in vitro and in vivo.