|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-101201-46|
Laminins, via heparan sulfate proteoglycans, participate in zebrafish myotome morphogenesis by modulating the pattern of Bmp responsiveness
Dolez, M., Nicolas, J.F., and Hirsinger, E.
|Source:||Development (Cambridge, England) 138(1): 97-106 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Hirsinger, Estelle|
|Keywords:||Pioneers, Medial fast fibres, engrailed, Phospho-Smad, sleepy, Dorsomorphin, Heparinase, Zebrafish|
|PubMed:||21115608 Full text @ Development|
Dolez, M., Nicolas, J.F., and Hirsinger, E. (2011) Laminins, via heparan sulfate proteoglycans, participate in zebrafish myotome morphogenesis by modulating the pattern of Bmp responsiveness. Development (Cambridge, England). 138(1):97-106.
ABSTRACTIn zebrafish, Hedgehog-induced Engrailed expression defines a muscle fibre population that includes both slow and fast fibre types and exhibits an organisational role on myotome and surrounding tissues, such as motoneurons and lateral line. This Engrailed-positive population is restricted in the myotome to a central domain. To understand how this population is established, we have analysed the phenotype of the sly/lamc1 mutation in the Laminin γ1 chain that was shown to specifically affect Engrailed expression in pioneers. We find that the sly mutation affects Engrailed expression in the entire central domain and that Hedgehog signalling does not mediate this effect. We show that Bmp-responding cells are excluded from the central domain and that this pattern is modulated by laminins, but not by Hedgehog signalling. Knockdown of Bmp signalling rescues Engrailed expression in the sly mutant and ectopically activates Engrailed expression in slow and fast lineages in wild-type embryos. Last, extracellular matrix-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans are absent in sly and their enzymatic removal mimics the sly phenotype. Our results therefore show that laminins, via heparan sulfate proteoglycans, are instrumental in patterning Bmp responsiveness and that Bmp signalling restricts Engrailed expression to the central domain. This study underlines the importance of extracellular cues for the precise spatial modulation of cell response to morphogens.