ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-101018-2
Ccm1 Regulates Microvascular Morphogenesis during Angiogenesis
Liu, H., Rigamonti, D., Badr, A., and Zhang, J.
Date: 2011
Source: Journal of vascular research   48(2): 130-140 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Zhang, Jun
Keywords: Angiogenesis, Cerebral cavernous malformation, CCM1, Intersegmental vessels, Vacuole/lumen formation, Vascular endothelial cells
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/blood supply
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells/cytology
  • Endothelial Cells/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System/genetics*
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics*
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism
  • Microvessels/embryology*
  • Microvessels/metabolism
  • Morphogenesis/genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics*
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
  • rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
PubMed: 20926893 Full text @ J. Vasc. Res.
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are characterized by abnormally dilated intracranial capillaries that have a propensity to bleed. The development of some CCMs in humans has been attributed to mutations in CCM1 and CCM2 genes. In animal models, major cardiovascular defects caused by both gene mutations have been observed. However, the effects of the loss of Ccm function on the microvasculature in animal models are less defined. Using high-resolution imaging in vivo, we demonstrated that the loss of Ccm1 in zebrafish embryos leads to failed microvascular lumenization during angiogenesis due to impaired intraendothelial vacuole formation and fusion. No developmental changes during vasculogenesis and the initial stage of angiogenesis were observed, being in contrast to prior reports. In vivo zebrafish studies were further substantiated by in vitro findings in human endothelial cells that elucidated the biochemical pathways of CCM1 deficiency. We found that CCM1 regulates angiogenic microvascular lumen formation through Rac1 small GTPase. In summary, Ccm1 has been identified as a key angiogenic modulator in microvascular tubulogenesis. Additionally, the microvascular pathology observed in developing Ccm1 mutant zebrafish embryos mirrors that seen in human CCM lesions, suggesting that zebrafish might provide a superior animal model to study the pathogenesis of human CCM.