The role of MTMR14 in autophagy and in muscle disease
- Gibbs, E.M., Feldman, E.L., and Dowling, J.J.
- Autophagy 6(6): 819-820 (Review)
- Registered Authors
- Dowling, Jim
- MeSH Terms
- Embryo, Nonmammalian/enzymology
- Embryo, Nonmammalian/pathology
- Gene Knockdown Techniques
- Models, Biological
- Muscular Diseases/congenital
- Muscular Diseases/enzymology*
- Muscular Diseases/pathology*
- Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism*
- 20595810 Full text @ Autophagy
Gibbs, E.M., Feldman, E.L., and Dowling, J.J. (2010) The role of MTMR14 in autophagy and in muscle disease. Autophagy. 6(6):819-820.
Phosphoinositides (PIs) are a group of low-abundance phospholipids that play a critical role in the control of organelle and membrane traffic. There is strong evidence that specific PIs are also important for the regulation of autophagy. PIs are modified by a complex network of lipid kinases and phosphatases. A recent study from our laboratory focused on two PI phosphatases from the myotubularin related protein (MTMR) family, myotubularin (MTM1) and MTMR14. Using zebrafish as a model system, we found that dual knockdown of MTM1 and MTMR14 leads to an unexpectedly severe developmental motor phenotype. We found that this severe phenotype was mediated, at least in part, by dysregulation of autophagy, as demonstrated by the accumulation of autophagic vacuoles and increased levels of LC3-II. Our study provides the first in vivo evidence for a role of myotubularins, and in particular MTMR14, in the regulation of autophagy.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes