|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-091204-20|
Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP) in zebrafish (Danio rerio): Phylogenetic analysis and tissue distribution
Popovic, M., Zaja, R., and Smital, T.
|Source:||Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology 155(3): 327-335 (Journal)|
|Keywords:||OATP, Zebrafish, Phylogenetic analysis, Membrane topology, Tissue distribution|
|PubMed:||19931635 Full text @ Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.|
Popovic, M., Zaja, R., and Smital, T. (2010) Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP) in zebrafish (Danio rerio): Phylogenetic analysis and tissue distribution. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology. 155(3):327-335.
ABSTRACTThe aim of our study was the initial characterization of Organic anion transporting polypeptides (SLCO gene superfamily) in zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an important model species in biomedical and ecotoxicological research, using phylogenetic analysis, membrane topology prediction and tissue expression profiling. The phylogenetic tree of Oatp superfamily in vertebrates was constructed in Mega 3.1. Software, membrane topology was predicted using HMMTOP algorithm, while qRT-PCR was used to determine tissue-specific gene expression levels. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Oatp superfamily in zebrafish consists of five families that include 14 SLCO genes. Eight out of 14 transporters do have orthologs or co-orthologs in other vertebrates, while 6 members are found only in fish lineage. Topology analysis showed that all zebrafish Oatps consist of 12 transmembrane domains (TMD) with the large fifth extracellular loop (LP5). Tissue distribution analysis revealed that the expression patterns of Oatp2a1, Oatp2b1 and Oatp3a1 follow tissue distribution patterns of their mammalian (co)orthologs. Expression pattern of a newly identified Oatp1d1 is similar to mouse Oatp1a4, while other new zebrafish Oatps (Oatp1e1, 1f2) do not resemble any of the mammalian Oatps. In summary, the described comprehensive analysis of Oatp superfamily in fish represents a first step towards research on toxicological relevance of uptake transporters in aquatic organisms.