Cooperation of Mtmr8 with PI3K regulates actin filament modeling and muscle development in zebrafish

Mei, J., Li, Z., and Gui, J.F.
PLoS One   4(3): e4979 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Li, Zhi, Mei, Jie
Embryos, Zebrafish, Morpholino, Hedgehog signaling, Muscle development, Somites, Phosphatases, Actins
MeSH Terms
  • Actin Cytoskeleton/metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Eye/chemistry
  • Hedgehog Proteins
  • Muscle Development*
  • Organogenesis
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/physiology*
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/physiology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor/analysis
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor/genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor/physiology*
  • Somites/chemistry
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/analysis
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
19325702 Full text @ PLoS One
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that mutations in at least four myotubularin family genes (MTM1, MTMR1, 2 and 13) are causative for human neuromuscular disorders. However, the pathway and regulative mechanism remain unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we reported a new role for Mtmr8 in neuromuscular development of zebrafish. Firstly, we cloned and characterized zebrafish Mtmr8, and revealed the expression pattern predominantly in the eye field and somites during early somitogenesis. Using morpholino knockdown, then, we observed that loss-of-function of Mtmr8 led to defects in somitogenesis. Subsequently, the possible underlying mechanism and signal pathway were examined. We first checked the Akt phosphorylation, and observed an increase of Akt phosphorylation in the morphant embryos. Furthermore, we studied the PH/G domain function within Mtmr8. Although the PH/G domain deletion by itself did not result in embryonic defect, addition of PI3K inhibitor LY294002 did give a defective phenotype in the PH/G deletion morphants, indicating that the PH/G domain was essential for Mtmr8's function. Moreover, we investigated the cooperation of Mtmr8 with PI3K in actin filament modeling and muscle development, and found that both Mtmr8-MO1 and Mtmr8-MO2+LY294002 led to the disorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. In addition, we revealed a possible participation of Mtmr8 in the Hedgehog pathway, and cell transplantation experiments showed that Mtmr8 worked in a non-cell autonomous manner in actin modeling. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The above data indicate that a conserved functional cooperation of Mtmr8 with PI3K regulates actin filament modeling and muscle development in zebrafish, and reveal a possible participation of Mtmr8 in the Hedgehog pathway. Therefore, this work provides a new clue to study the physiological function of MTM family members.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes