Development of enteric and vagal innervation of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) gut
- Olsson, C., Holmberg, A., and Holmgren, S.
- The Journal of comparative neurology 508(5): 756-770 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- intestine, immunohistochemistry, teleost, vagus, enteric nervous system
- MeSH Terms
- Enteric Nervous System/embryology
- Enteric Nervous System/growth & development*
- Intestines/growth & development*
- Vagus Nerve/embryology
- Vagus Nerve/growth & development*
- Zebrafish/growth & development*
- 18393294 Full text @ J. Comp. Neurol.
Olsson, C., Holmberg, A., and Holmgren, S. (2008) Development of enteric and vagal innervation of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) gut. The Journal of comparative neurology. 508(5):756-770.
The autonomic nervous system develops following migration and differentiation of precursor cells originating in the neural crest. Using immunohistochemistry on intact zebrafish embryos and larvae we followed the development of the intrinsic enteric and extrinsic vagal innervation of the gut. At 3 days postfertilization (dpf), enteric nerve cell bodies and fibers were seen mainly in the middle and distal intestine, while the innervation of the proximal intestine was scarcer. The number of fibers and cell bodies gradually increased, although a large intraindividual variation was seen in the timing (but not the order) of development. At 11-13 dpf most of the proximal intestine received a similar degree of innervation as the rest of the gut. The main intestinal branches of the vagus were similarly often already well developed at 3 dpf, entering the gut at the transition development. At 11-13 dpf most of the proximal intestine received a similar degree of innervation as the rest of the gut. The main intestinal branchbetween the proximal and middle intestine and projecting posteriorly along the length of the gut. Subsequently, fibers branching off the vagus innervated all regions of the gut. The presence of several putative enteric neurotransmitters was suggested by using markers for neurokinin A (NKA), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), nitric oxide, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). The present results corroborate the belief that the enteric innervation is well developed before the onset of feeding (normally occurring around 5-6 dpf). Further, the more detailed picture of how development proceeds at stages previously not examined suggests a correlation between increasing innervation and more regular and elaborated motility patterns.
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