In vivo correction of a Menkes disease model using antisense oligonucleotides

Madsen, E.C., Morcos, P.A., Mendelsohn, B.A., and Gitlin, J.D.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America   105(10): 3909-3914 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Gitlin, Jonathan D., Morcos, Paul A.
copper, metabolic disease, morpholino, zebrafish
MeSH Terms
  • Alleles
  • Alternative Splicing/drug effects
  • Alternative Splicing/genetics
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/pathology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects
  • Genotype
  • Menkes Kinky Hair Syndrome/therapy*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense/pharmacology
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense/therapeutic use*
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
18316734 Full text @ Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
Although the molecular basis of many inherited metabolic diseases has been defined, the availability of effective therapies in such disorders remains problematic. Menkes disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder due to loss-of-function mutations in the ATP7A gene encoding a copper-transporting P-type Atpase. To develop therapeutic approaches in affected patients, we have identified a zebrafish model of Menkes disease termed calamity that results from splicing defects in the zebrafish orthologue of the ATP7A gene. Embryonic-recessive lethal mutants have impaired copper homeostasis that results in absent melanin pigmentation, impaired notochord formation, and hindbrain neurodegeneration. In this current study, we have attempted to rescue these striking phenotypic alterations by using a series of antisense morpholino oligonucleotides directed against the splice-site junctions of two mutant calamity alleles. Our findings reveal a robust and complete correction of the copper-deficient defects of calamity in association with the generation of the WT Menkes protein in all rescued mutants. Interestingly, a quantitative analysis of atp7a-specific transcripts suggests that competitive translational regulation may account for the synthesis of WT protein in these embryos. This in vivo correction of Menkes disease through the rescue of aberrant splicing may provide therapeutic options in this fatal disease and illustrates the potential for zebrafish models of human genetic disease in the development of treatments based on the principles of interactions of synthetic oligonucleotide analogues with mRNA.
Genes / Markers
Show all Figures
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes