ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-071023-17
Developmental expression of CagMdkb during gibel carp embryogenesis
Yin, J., Xia, J.H., Du, X.Z., Liu, J., Zhou, L., Hong, Y.H., and Gui, J.F.
Date: 2007
Source: The International journal of developmental biology   51(8): 761-769 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Yin, Jun, Zhou, Li
Keywords: Mdkb, embryogenesis, Mauthner cell, nerve development, gibel carp
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Brain/metabolism
  • Carps
  • Cytokines/biosynthesis*
  • Cytokines/chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nervous System/embryology
  • Neurons/metabolism
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA/metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 17939124 Full text @ Int. J. Dev. Biol.
Midkine (Mdk) genes have been revealed to have different expression patterns in vertebrates and therefore, additional studies on Mdk expression patterns are required in more species. In this study, CagMdkb has been cloned and characterized from a SMART cDNA library of 10-somite stage embryos of Carassius auratus gibelio. Its full length cDNA is 1091 bp and encodes a sequence of 147 amino acids, which shows 97.3% identity to zebrafish Mdkb on the amino acid level. RT-PCR analysis reveals that CagMdkb is first transcribed in gastrula embryos and maintains a relatively stable expression level during subsequent embryogenesis. Western blot analysis reveals a 19 kDa maternal CagMdkb protein band and the zygotic CagMdkb protein is expressed from gastrula stage. At around 10 somite stage, the 19 kDa CagMdkb is processed to another protein band of about 17 kDa, which might be the secreted form with the 21-residue signal peptide removed. With immunofluorescence analysis, maternal CagMdkb protein was found to be localized in each blastamere cell of early embryos. The zygotic CagMdkb positive fluorescence signal was detected from a pair of large neurons at 18-somite stage. At the later stages, CagMdkb protein was also extended to numerous small neurons in the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain, as well as to nerve fibers in the spinal cord. Co-localization with 3A10 antibody revealed CagMdkb immunoreactivity on developing Mauthner neurons, a member of reticulospinal neurons. In addition, ectopic expression of CagMdkb in early embryos of gibel carp and zebrafish suppressed head formation and CagMdkb function was found to depend on secretory activity. All these findings indicate that CagMdkb plays an important role in neural development during gibel carp embryogenesis and there is functional conservation of Mdkb in fish head formation.