A single amino acid mutation in zebrafish (Danio rerio) liver bile acid-binding protein can change the stoichiometry of ligand binding

Capaldi, S., Guariento, M., Saccomani, G., Fessas, D., Perduca, M., and Monaco, H.L.
The Journal of biological chemistry   282(42): 31008-31018 (Journal)
Registered Authors
MeSH Terms
  • Amino Acid Substitution*
  • Amphibian Proteins/chemistry
  • Amphibian Proteins/genetics
  • Amphibian Proteins/metabolism
  • Amphibians/genetics
  • Amphibians/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites/genetics
  • Carrier Proteins/chemistry*
  • Carrier Proteins/genetics
  • Carrier Proteins/metabolism
  • Cholic Acid/chemistry*
  • Cholic Acid/metabolism
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Disulfides/chemistry
  • Ligands
  • Liver/chemistry
  • Liver/metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins/chemistry*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Structural Homology, Protein
  • Zebrafish*/genetics
  • Zebrafish*/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
17670743 Full text @ J. Biol. Chem.
In all the liver bile acid-binding proteins, L-BABPs, studied so far it has been found that the stoichiometry of binding is of two cholate molecules per internal binding site. In this paper we describe the expression, purification, crystallization and three-dimensional structure determination of zebrafish (Danio rerio) L-BABP to 1.5 A resolution which is currently the highest available for a protein of this family. Since we have found that in zebrafish, the stoichiometry of binding in the protein cavity is of only one cholate molecule per wild type L-BABP, we examined the role of two crucial amino acids present in the binding site. Using site-directed mutagenesis we have prepared, crystallized and determined the three-dimensional structure of co-crystals of two mutants. The mutant G55R has the same stoichiometry of binding as the wild type protein whereas the C91T mutant changes the stoichiometry of binding from one to two ligand molecules in the cavity and therefore appears to be more similar to the other members of the L-BABP family. Based on the presence or absence of a single disulfide bridge it can be postulated that fish should bind a single cholate molecule whereas amphibians and higher vertebrates should bind two. Isothermal titration calorimetry has also revealed the presence in the wild type protein and the G55R mutant of an additional binding site, different from the first, and probably located on the surface of the molecule.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes