ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-060314-3
The teleost fish medaka (Oryzias latipes) as genetic model to study gravity dependent bone homeostasis in vivo
Wagner, T.U., Renn, J., Riemensperger, T., Volff, J.N., Köster, R.W., Goerlich, R., Schartl, M., and Winkler, C.
Date: 2003
Source: Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)   32(8): 1459-1465 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Köster, Reinhard W.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Bone Development/genetics*
  • Bone Development/physiology
  • Bone and Bones/physiology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Larva/growth & development
  • Models, Animal*
  • Oryzias/embryology*
  • Oryzias/genetics*
  • Osteoblasts/cytology
  • Osteoblasts/metabolism
  • Osteoblasts/physiology
  • Osteoclasts/cytology
  • Osteoclasts/metabolism
  • Osteoclasts/physiology
  • Osteogenesis/genetics
  • Osteoprotegerin/genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
PubMed: 15000082 Full text @ Adv. Space Res.
ABSTRACT
Long-term space flight and microgravity result in bone loss that can be explained by reduced activity of bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) and/or an increase in activity of bone resorbing cells (osteoclasts). Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been shown to regulate the balance between osteoblast and osteoclast cell numbers and is involved in maintaining constant bone mass under normal gravitational conditions. The small bony fish medaka (Oryzias latipes) has attracted increasing attention as a genetic model system to study normal embryonic developmental and pathological processes. To analyze the molecular mechanisms of bone formation in this small vertebrate, we have isolated two opg genes, opgl and opg2, from medaka. Our phylogenetic analysis reveals that both genes originated from a common ancestor by fish-specific gene duplication and represent the orthologs of the mammalian opg gene. Both opg genes are differentially expressed during embryonic and larval development, in adult tissues and in cultured primary osteoblast-like cells. Furthermore, we have characterized the opg2 promoter region and identified consensus binding sites for the transcription factor core-binding-factor-1A (CBFA1). In mammals, CBFA1 has been shown to be a regulator of opg expression and to be essential for several steps during osteoblast differentiation. Here we show that sequence and expression domains of opg, cbfal and a member of the dlx gene family are highly conserved between medaka and higher vertebrates. This suggests that not only single genes but entire genetic networks for bone formation are conserved between teleosts and mammals. These findings will open medaka fish as a genetic model to monitor bone formation under different gravity conditions in a living whole animal allowing the identification of novel factors involved in bone homeostasis. c2003 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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