ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-050907-16
A sensitive and reproducible assay to measure the activity of glucosylceramide synthase and lactosylceramide synthase using HPLC and fluorescent substrates
Hayashi, Y., Horibata, Y., Sakaguchi, K., Okino, N., and Ito, M.
Date: 2005
Source: Analytical biochemistry   345(2): 181-186 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Antisense morpholino oligo, Fluorescent substrate, Gene knockdown, Glycosphingolipid, Glucosylceramide synthase, High-performance liquid chromatography, Lactosylceramide synthase, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Extracts
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Cell Transformation, Viral
  • Cricetinae
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Fluorescence*
  • Galactosyltransferases/analysis*
  • Glucosyltransferases/analysis*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense/pharmacology
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational/drug effects
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Zebrafish/embryology
PubMed: 16140251 Full text @ Anal. Biochem.
Glucosylceramide synthase (GlcT) and lactosylceramide synthase (GalT) are key enzymes for the synthesis of major glycosphingolipids of vertebrates. In this article, we report a new reliable method to determine GlcT and GalT activities using the fluorescent acceptor substrates C6-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD)-ceramide and C6-NBD-glucosylceramide, respectively, and a normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The reaction products, C6-NBD-glucosylceramide for GlcT and C6-NBD-lactosylceramide for GalT, could be separated from the corresponding acceptor substrates within 6min under the conditions used. Reaction products were able to be detected quantitatively at concentrations ranging from 50fmol to 50pmol, making it possible to determine both activities using the lysate from 1x10(4) cultured CHOP cells (Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing polyoma LT antigen) and one zebrafish embryo. This method was used successfully to evaluate the degree of knockdown of GlcT and GalT during zebrafish embryogenesis after injection of the morpholino-oligo-based antisense into one- to four-cell embryos. These results indicate that the fluorescence-based HPLC method is a highly sensitive, rapid, and reproducible assay for determining GlcT and GalT activities and is useful for evaluating the activities in gene knockdown experiments.