PUBLICATION

Coelacanth genome sequence reveals the evolutionary history of vertebrate genes

Authors
Noonan, J.P., Grimwood, J., Danke, J., Schmutz, J., Dickson, M., Amemiya, C.T., and Myers, R.M.
ID
ZDB-PUB-041122-3
Date
2004
Source
Genome research   14(12): 2397-2405 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Amemiya, Chris, Danke, Joshua
Keywords
none
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cadherins/genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Fishes/genetics*
  • Gene Conversion/genetics
  • Genome*
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
PubMed
15545497 Full text @ Genome Res.
Abstract
The coelacanth is one of the nearest living relatives of tetrapods. However, a teleost species such as zebrafish or Fugu is typically used as the outgroup in current tetrapod comparative sequence analyses. Such studies are complicated by the fact that teleost genomes have undergone a whole-genome duplication event, as well as individual gene-duplication events. Here, we demonstrate the value of coelacanth genome sequence by complete sequencing and analysis of the protocadherin gene cluster of the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis. We found that coelacanth has 49 protocadherin cluster genes organized in the same three ordered subclusters, alpha, beta, and gamma, as the 54 protocadherin cluster genes in human. In contrast, whole-genome and tandem duplications have generated two zebrafish protocadherin clusters comprised of at least 97 genes. Additionally, zebrafish protocadherins are far more prone to homogenizing gene conversion events than coelacanth protocadherins, suggesting that recombination- and duplication-driven plasticity may be a feature of teleost genomes. Our results indicate that coelacanth provides the ideal outgroup sequence against which tetrapod genomes can be measured. We therefore present L. menadoensis as a candidate for whole-genome sequencing.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes