Shafizadeh, E., Peterson, R.T., and Lin, S. (2004) Induction of reversible hemolytic anemia in living zebrafish using a novel small molecule. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP. 138(3):245-249.
We used zebrafish to screen and identify small molecules that affect the process of vertebrate hematopoietic development. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to a library of 5000 synthetic compounds and screened for defects in primitive erythropoiesis. Here, we present the characterization of hemolytic anemia induced in zebrafish by the small molecule 5115318 (3-[5-methyl-furan 2-yl]-propionic acid N'-phenyl-hydrazide). This compound is capable of generating hemoglobin aggregates and Heinz bodies in red cells in vivo only. The induced anemia is reversible and treated fish recover in about 4 days. This study shows the feasibility of using zebrafish to screen for small molecules that can modulate the specific process of erythropoiesis.