ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-040721-4
her7 and hey1, but not lunatic fringe show dynamic expression during somitogenesis in medaka (Oryzias latipes)
Elmasri, H., Liedtke, D., Lücking, G., Volff, J.N., Gessler, M., and Winkler, C.
Date: 2004
Source: Gene expression patterns : GEP   4(5): 553-559 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Liedtke, Daniel, Winkler, Christoph
Keywords: Medaka, Embryogenesis, Notch, Delta, Fringe, Hey, Segmentation, Somite, bHLH factors, Hairy/enhancer-of-split
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
  • Biological Clocks/physiology
  • Cluster Analysis
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary/genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Gene Expression*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Glycosyltransferases/metabolism
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oryzias/embryology*
  • Oryzias/metabolism
  • Phylogeny
  • Repressor Proteins/metabolism*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Somites*
  • Tail/embryology
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins
PubMed: 15261833 Full text @ Gene Expr. Patterns
Epithelialized somites form repeatedly from the unsegmented presomitic mesoderm (PSM) in the tailbud of vertebrate embryos. Mutant analysis has shown that the Delta-Notch pathway is essential for the temporal and spatial control of somite formation. Several components of this pathway show cyclic transcription, which is driven by a molecular oscillator. This oscillator is thought to act similarly in different vertebrates. In this study, we used the Japanese Medaka (Oryzias latipes) to examine the expression of three factors of the Delta-Notch cascade that are known to show cyclic expression in the PSM of higher vertebrates. We report that in contrast to the situation in mice, lunatic fringe (lfng) in medaka is expressed in a non-dynamic fashion in the rostral halves of the formed somites and the anteriormost PSM. On the other hand, her7, a member of the hairy/Enhancer-of-split related (Her) gene family, shows cyclic expression in the medaka PSM. Although this is similar in zebrafish, there are important differences in the distribution of transcripts in the PSM indicating different modes of regulation in both fish species. Finally, we show that hey1, another Delta-Notch regulated bHLH gene, is dynamically expressed in the PSM of medaka, similar to hey1 in zebrafish and the hey2 orthologs in mice and chicken. Interestingly, medaka hey1 is also expressed in the dorsal aorta and the heart, two tissues where hey2, but not hey1, is expressed in zebrafish. This shows that several components of the Delta-Notch pathway are differently regulated during somitogenesis in different species.