ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-040304-5
Fish proglucagon genes have differing coding potential
Zhou, L., and Irwin, D.M.
Date: 2004
Source: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology   137(2): 255-264 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Zhou, Li
Keywords: Glucagon, Genome duplication, Evolution, GLP-1, GLP-2, Teleost fish, Proglucagon, Hormone regulation
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Fish Proteins/genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Duplicate*
  • Glucagon/genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Proglucagon
  • Protein Precursors/genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tetraodontiformes/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
PubMed: 14990222 Full text @ Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B Biochem. Mol. Biol.
Regulation of tissue-specific hormone production involves transcription, post-translational and physiological regulation. The proglucagon gene has been an ideal molecule for understanding many aspects of regulation of hormone production. Gene duplications often allow the evolution of new gene function, and the proglucagon gene has been duplicated on the lineage leading to teleost fish, while most other vertebrates have only a single proglucagon gene. The recent characterization of near complete pufferfish and zebrafish genomes allowed us to determine the structure of the duplicated genes. We searched the pufferfish and zebrafish genomes for proglucagon-like sequences. Our searches identified two proglucagon-like genes in both the pufferfish and zebrafish genomes. In pufferfish the proglucagon-like genes are surrounded by genes that are similar to genes that flank the proglucagon gene in mammalian genomes, indicating that gene order near the proglucagon gene has been maintained since the fish-mammal divergence approximately 450 million years ago. Characterization of the duplicated fish proglucagon genes indicates that one of the two genes is predicted to encode glucagon, GLP-1 and GLP-2. In contrast, the second proglucagon gene is predicted to encode only glucagon and GLP-1, but not GLP-2. Thus the two fish proglucagon genes have different coding potential, and, therefore likely differ in function. Regulation of gene expression potentially has a role in the regulation of production of proglucagon derived peptides in fish.