Schaffeld, M., Knappe, M., Hunzinger, C., and Markl, J. (2003) cDNA sequences of the authentic keratins 8 and 18 in zebrafish. Differentiation; research in biological diversity. 71(1):73-82.
From the zebrafish Danio rerio, we have cDNA cloned and sequenced a novel type II and a novel type I keratin, termed DreK8 and DreK18, respectively. We identified DreK8/18 as the true orthologs of the human keratin pair K8/18 as follows: (i) MALDI-MS assignment to the biochemically identified K8 and K18 candidates that are co-expressed in simple epithelia and absent in epidermal keratinocytes; (ii) multiple sequence alignments and phylogenetic tree analysis, showing that DreK8, within the phylogenetic tree of type II keratins, forms a highly bootstrap-supported branch together with K8 from goldfish and rainbow trout, whereas DreK18, within the phylogenetic tree of type I keratins, groups with the K18 sequences from all other vertebrates studied; (iii) presence of a conserved motif in the tail domain of DreK8 ( VxKxxETxDGxxVSESSxV) that is typical for all hitherto sequenced K8 orthologs. Moreover, several zebrafish type II keratin sequences published by other authors have now been assigned to epidermal keratins , previously identified biochemically.