Zebrafish smad7 is regulated by Smad3 and BMP signals

Pogoda, H.M. and Meyer, D.
Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists   224(3): 334-349 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Meyer, Dirk, Pogoda, Hans-Martin
Smad3b; Smad3; Smad7; antiSmad; zebrafish; TGF-b; VMP; nodal; antivin; foxH1; schmalspur (sur); one-eyed pinhead (oep); swirl (swr); snail-house (snh); dino (din)
MeSH Terms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytoplasm/metabolism
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/biosynthesis*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Ligands
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nodal Protein
  • Phylogeny
  • Plasmids/metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Smad3 Protein
  • Smad7 Protein
  • Time Factors
  • Trans-Activators/biosynthesis*
  • Trans-Activators/genetics
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta/biosynthesis
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins
12112463 Full text @ Dev. Dyn.
Growth factors of the TGF-beta superfamily such as BMPs and Nodals are important signaling factors during all stages of animal development. Smad proteins, the cytoplasmic mediators of most TGF-beta signals in vertebrates, play central roles not only for transmission but also in controlling inductive TGF-beta signals by feedback regulation. Here, we describe cloning, expression pattern, transcriptional regulation, and functional properties of two novel zebrafish Smad proteins: the TGF-beta agonist Smad3b, and the anti-Smad Smad7. We show that zebrafish Smad3b, in contrast to the related zebrafish Smad2, can induce mesoderm independently of TGF-beta signaling. Although mammalian Smad3 was shown to inhibit expression of the organizer-specific genes goosecoid, zebrafish smad3b activates organizer genes such as goosecoid. Furthermore, we show that Smad3 and BMP signals activate smad7. Because Smad7 blocks distinct TGF-beta signals in early zebrafish development, our data provide hints for new roles of smad3 genes in the regulation and modulation of TGF-beta signals. In summary, our analyses point out differences of Smad3b and Smad2 functions in zebrafish and provide the first link of smad3 and smad7 function in context of vertebrate development.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes