ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-011108-3
Phylogenetic relationships and chromosomal location of five distinct glycine receptor subunit genes in the teleost Danio rerio
Imboden, M., Devignot, V., and Goblet, C.
Date: 2001
Source: Development genes and evolution   211(8-9): 415-422 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Devignot, VĂ©ronique, Goblet, Christiane, Imboden, Medea
Keywords: zebrafish; glycine receptor; phylogenetic relationships; gene duplication; chromosomal location
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Computational Biology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genes, Duplicate/genetics
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Lod Score
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny*
  • Protein Subunits
  • RNA, Messenger/analysis
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • Receptors, Glycine/chemistry
  • Receptors, Glycine/genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
PubMed: 11685575 Full text @ Dev. Genes Evol.
Glycine receptors mediating synaptic inhibition are heteromeric proteins constituted of alpha and beta subunits. The mammalian GlyR subunits constitute a subgroup in the superfamily of ligand-gated ionic channels. To compare the evolutionary events in the mammalian and teleostean lineages for the receptor family, we first undertook systematic cloning of the constitutive subunits of the zebrafish glycine receptor. The isolation of two alpha subunits (alphaZ1 and alphaZ2) and one beta subunit (betaZ) has been reported previously and we report here the characterization of two novel alpha subunits, alphaZ3 and alphaZ4, increasing the known zebrafish subunits number to four alpha and one beta. Establishment of phylogenetic relationships reveals that alphaZ1, alphaZ3 and betaZeta are orthologous to mammalian alpha1, alpha3 and beta subunits. However, two zebrafish GlyRalpha subunit genes are orthologous to the unique avian and mammalian alpha4 subunit revealing a duplication of the alpha4 gene in zebrafish. Whole-mount in situ hybridization in 24-hours post fertilization (hpf) and 52-hpf embryos of the daughter gene products display very different expression patterns indicating distinct functions of the duplicated genes. Gene mapping reveals that the two duplicated genes are localized on two different linkage groups (LG5 and LG22) as would be daughter genes resulting from a large-scale duplication of the ancestral genome. Finally, we report that a linked pair of genes on human chromosome 4 (alpha3 and beta) is also linked on linkage group 1 in zebrafish (alphaZ3 and betaZ) as a consequence of a mosaic conserved syntheny.