ZFIN ID: ZDB-PERS-990419-9
Kent, Michael
Email: Michael.Kent@orst.edu
Affiliation: Zebrafish International Resource Center (ZIRC)
Address: 5274 University of Oregon Eugene, OR 97403-5274 USA
Country: United States
Phone: (541) 737 8652
Fax: (541) 737 0496

Dr. Kent is the Director for the Center for Salmon Disease Research, Dept. Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. His research area is fish diseases, focusing on infectious and non-infectious diseases of salmonids and zebrafish. Dr. Kent is a co-investigator with the University of Oregon International Zebrafish Resource Center and assists with research and diagnositics relating to zebrafish health.

Sharpton, T.J., Lu, Y., Kent, M.L., Watts, S.A., Varga, Z.M. (2023) Tenth Aquatic Models of Human Disease Conference 2022 Workshop Report: Aquatics Nutrition and Reference Diet Development. Zebrafish. 20:243249243-249
Sieler, M.J., Al-Samarrie, C.E., Kasschau, K.D., Varga, Z.M., Kent, M.L., Sharpton, T.J. (2023) Disentangling the link between zebrafish diet, gut microbiome succession, and Mycobacterium chelonae infection. Animal microbiome. 5:3838
Schuster, C.J., Leong, C., Kasschau, K.D., Sharpton, T.J., Kent, M.L. (2023) Early detection of Pseudocapillaria tomentosa by qPCR in four lines of zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton 1882). Journal of fish diseases. 46(6):619-627
Russo, C., Drewery, M., Chang, C.T., Savage, M., Sanchez, L., Varga, Z., Kent, M.L., Walter, R., Lu, Y. (2022) Assessment of Various Standard Fish Diets on Growth and Fecundity of Platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) and Medaka (Oryzias latipes). Zebrafish. 19(5):181-189
Ventura Fernandes, B.H., Caetano da Silva, C., Bissegato, D., Kent, M.L., Carvalho, L.R. (2021) Rederivation of a mutant line (prop 1) of zebrafish Danio rerio infected with Pseudoloma neurophilia using in vitro fertilization with eggs from pathogen-free wild-type (AB) females and sperm from prop 1 males. Journal of fish diseases. 45(1):35-39
Kent, M.L., Wall, E.S., Sichel, S., Watral, V., Stagaman, K., Sharpton, T.J., Guillemin, K. (2021) Pseudocapillaria tomentosa, Mycoplasma spp., and Intestinal Lesions in Experimentally Infected Zebrafish Danio rerio. Zebrafish. 18(3):207-220
Norris, L., Lawler, N., Hunkapiller, A., Mulrooney, D.M., Kent, M.L., Sanders, J.L. (2020) Detection of the parasitic nematode, Pseudocapillaria tomentosa, in zebrafish tissues and environmental DNA in research aquaria. Journal of fish diseases. 43(9):1087-1095
Kent, M.L., Sanders, J.L., Spagnoli, S., Al-Samarrie, C.E., Murray, K.N. (2020) Review of diseases and health management in zebrafish Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) in research facilities. Journal of fish diseases. 43(6):637-650
Sanders, J.L., Monteiro, J.F., Martins, S., Certal, A.C., Kent, M.L. (2020) The Impact of Pseudoloma neurophilia Infection on Body Condition of Zebrafish. Zebrafish. 17(2):139-146
Kent, M.L., Watral, V., Gaulke, C.A., Sharpton, T.J. (2019) Further evaluation of the efficacy of emamectin benzoate for treating Pseudocapillaria tomentosa (Dujardin 1843) in zebrafish Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Journal of fish diseases. 42(10):1351-1357
Kent, M.L., Watral, V., Villegas, E.N., Gaulke, C.A. (2019) Viability of Pseudocapillaria tomentosa Eggs Exposed to Heat, Ultraviolet Light, Chlorine, Iodine, and Desiccation. Zebrafish. 16(5):460-468
Gaulke, C.A., Martins, M.L., Watral, V.G., Humphreys, I.R., Spagnoli, S.T., Kent, M.L., Sharpton, T.J. (2019) A longitudinal assessment of host-microbe-parasite interactions resolves the zebrafish gut microbiome's link to Pseudocapillaria tomentosa infection and pathology. Microbiome. 7:10
Kent, M.L., Gaulke, C.A., Watral, V., Sharpton, T.J. (2018) Pseudocapillaria tomentosa in laboratory zebrafish Danio rerio: patterns of infection and dose response. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 131:121-131
Murray, K.N., Wolf, J.C., Spagnoli, S.T., Lains, D., Budrow, N., Kent, M.L. (2018) Reversibility of Proliferative Thyroid Lesions Induced by Iodine Deficiency in a Laboratory Zebrafish Colony. Zebrafish. 15(6):558-565
Norris, L.J., Watral, V., Kent, M.L. (2018) Survival of Bacterial and Parasitic Pathogens from Zebrafish (Danio rerio) After Cryopreservation and Thawing. Zebrafish. 15(2):188-201
Burns, A.R., Watral, V., Sichel, S., Spagnoli, S., Banse, A.V., Mittge, E., Sharpton, T.J., Guillemin, K., Kent, M.L. (2017) Transmission of a common intestinal neoplasm in zebrafish by cohabitation. Journal of fish diseases. 41(4):569-579
Wilson, A.K., Watral, V.G., Kent, M.L., Sharpton, T.J., Gaulke, C.A. (2017) Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas sp. Strain DrBHI1 (Phylum Proteobacteria).. Genome Announcements. 5(39)
Meritet, D.M., Mulrooney, D.M., Kent, M.L., Löhr, C.V. (2017) Development of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Assays for Postmortem Detection of Mycobacterium spp. Common in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Research Colonies.. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS. 56:131-141
Spagnoli, S., Sanders, J., Kent, M.L. (2017) The common neural parasite Pseudoloma neurophilia causes altered shoaling behaviour in adult laboratory zebrafish (Danio rerio) and its implications for neurobehavioural research. Journal of fish diseases. 40(3):443-446
Martins, M.L., Watral, V., Rodrigues-Soares, J.P., Kent, M.L. (2017) A method for collecting eggs of Pseudocapillaria tomentosa (Nematoda: Capillariidae) from zebrafish Danio rerio and efficacy of heat and chlorine for killing the nematode's eggs. Journal of fish diseases. 40(2):169-182
Ndikumana, S., Pelin, A., Williot, A., Sanders, J.L., Kent, M., Corradi, N. (2017) Genome Analysis of Pseudoloma neurophilia: a Microsporidian Parasite of Zebrafish (Danio rerio). The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 64(1):18-30
Kent, M.L., Watral, V.G., Kirchoff, N.S., Spagnoli, S.T., Sharpton, T.J. (2016) Effects of Subclinical Mycobacterium chelonae Infections on Fecundity and Embryo Survival in Zebrafish. Zebrafish. 13 Suppl 1:S88-95
Mason, T., Snell, K., Mittge, E., Melancon, E., Montgomery, R., McFadden, M., Camoriano, J., Kent, M.L., Whipps, C.M., Peirce, J. (2016) Strategies to Mitigate a Mycobacterium marinum Outbreak in a Zebrafish Research Facility. Zebrafish. 13 Suppl 1:S77-87
Sanders, J.L., Watral, V., Stidworthy, M.F., Kent, M.L. (2016) Expansion of the Known Host Range of the Microsporidium, Pseudoloma neurophilia. Zebrafish. 13 Suppl 1:S102-6
Spagnoli, S., Sanders, J., Watral, V., Kent, M.L. (2016) Pseudoloma neurophilia Infection Combined with Gamma Irradiation Causes Increased Mortality in Adult Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Compared to Infection or Irradiation Alone: New Implications for Studies Involving Immunosuppression. Zebrafish. 13 Suppl 1:S107-14
Murray, K.N., Varga, Z.M., Kent, M.L. (2016) Biosecurity and Health Monitoring at the Zebrafish International Resource Center. Zebrafish. 13 Suppl 1:S30-8
Chow, F.W., Xue, L., Kent, M.L. (2016) Retrospective study of the prevalence of Pseudoloma neurophilia shows male sex bias in zebrafish Danio rerio (Hamilton-Buchanan). Journal of fish diseases. 39(3):367-70
Paquette, C.E., Kent, M.L., Peterson, T.S., Wang, R., Dashwood, R.H., Löhr, C.V. (2015) Immunohistochemical characterization of intestinal neoplasia in zebrafish Danio rerio indicates epithelial origin. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 116:191-7
Spagnoli, S., Xue, L., Kent, M.L. (2015) The common neural parasite Pseudoloma neurophilia is associated with altered startle response habituation in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio): Implications for the zebrafish as a model organism. Behavioural brain research. 291:351-60
Sanders, J.L., Zhou, Y., Moulton, H.M., Moulton, Z.X., McLeod, R., Dubey, J.P., Weiss, L.M., Kent, M.L. (2015) The zebrafish, Danio rerio, as a model for Toxoplasma gondii: an initial description of infection in fish. Journal of fish diseases. 38(7):675-9
Spagnoli, S.T., Xue, L., Murray, K.N., Chow, F., Kent, M.L. (2015) Pseudoloma neurophilia: A Retrospective and Descriptive Study of Nervous System and Muscle Infections, with New Implications for Pathogenesis and Behavioral Phenotypes. Zebrafish. 12:189-201
Whipps, C.M., Kent, M.L., Murray, K.N. (2015) Occurrence of a Myxozoan Parasite Myxidium Streisingeri N. Sp. in Laboratory Zebrafish Danio Rerio. The Journal of parasitology. 101(1):86-90
Collymore, C., Watral, V., White, J.R., Colvin, M.E., Rasmussen, S., Tolwani, R.J., Kent, M.L. (2014) Tolerance and Efficacy of Emamectin Benzoate and Ivermectin for the Treatment of Pseudocapillaria tomentosa in Laboratory Zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish. 11:490-7
West, K., Miles, R., Kent, M.L., Frazer, J.K. (2014) Unusual Fluorescent Granulomas and Myonecrosis in Danio Rerio Infected by the Microsporidian Pathogen Pseudoloma Neurophilia. Zebrafish. 11(3):283-90
Sanders, J.L., Peterson, T.S., and Kent, M.L. (2014) Early Development and Tissue Distribution of Pseudoloma neurophilia in the Zebrafish, Danio rerio. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 61(3):238-46
Kent, M.L., Buchner, C., Barton, C., and Tanguay, R.L. (2014) Toxicity of chlorine to zebrafish embryos. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 107(3):235-240
Peterson, T.S., Ferguson, J.A., Watral, V.G., Mutoji, K.N., Ennis, D.G., Kent, M.L. (2013) Paramecium caudatum enhances transmission and infectivity of Mycobacterium marinum and M. chelonae in zebrafish Danio rerio. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 106(3):229-39
Sanders, J.L., Watral, V., Clarkson, K., and Kent, M.L. (2013) Verification of Intraovum Transmission of a Microsporidium of Vertebrates: Pseudoloma neurophilia Infecting the Zebrafish, Danio rerio. PLoS One. 8(9):e76064
Hawke, J.P., Kent, M., Rogge, M., Baumgartner, W., Wiles, J., Shelley, J., Savolainen, L.C., Wagner, R., Murray, K., and Peterson, T.S. (2013) Edwardsiellosis Caused by Edwardsiella ictaluri in Laboratory Populations of Zebrafish Danio rerio. Journal of aquatic animal health. 25(3):171-183
Paquette, C.E., Kent, M.L., Buchner, C., Tanguay, R.L., Guillemin, K., Mason, T.J., and Peterson, T.S. (2013) A Retrospective Study of the Prevalence and Classification of Intestinal Neoplasia in Zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish. 10(2):228-36
Peterson, T.S., Kent, M.L., Ferguson, J.A., Watral, V.G., and Whipps, C.M. (2013) Comparison of fixatives and fixation time for PCR detection of Mycobacterium in zebrafish Danio rerio. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 104(2):113-120
Neal, J.T., Peterson, T.S., Kent, M.L., and Guillemin, K. (2013) H. pylori Virulence Factor CagA Increases Intestinal Cell Proliferation by Wnt Pathway Activation in a Transgenic Zebrafish Model. Disease models & mechanisms. 6(3):802-10
Peterson, T.S., Heidel, J.R., Murray, K.N., Sanders, J.L., Anderson, W.I., and Kent, M.L. (2013) Malignant Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumour in a Zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of comparative pathology. 148(2-3):220-224
Corvi, M.M., Stanley, K.A., Peterson, T.S., Kent, M.L., Feist, S.W., La Du, J.K., Volz, D.C., Hosmer, A.J., and Tanguay, R.L. (2012) Investigating the Impact of Chronic Atrazine Exposure on Sexual Development in Zebrafish. Birth defects research. Part B, Developmental and reproductive toxicology. 95(4):276-288
Cali, A., Kent, M., Sanders, J., Pau, C., and Takvorian, P.M. (2012) Development, Ultrastructural Pathology, and Taxonomic Revision of the Microsporidial Genus, Pseudoloma and Its Type Species Pseudoloma neurophilia, in Skeletal Muscle and Nervous Tissue of Experimentally Infected Zebrafish Danio rerio. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 59(1):40-8
Lawrence, C., Ennis, D.G., Harper, C., Kent, M.L., Murray, K., and Sanders, G.E. (2012) The challenges of implementing pathogen control strategies for fishes used in biomedical research. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP. 155(1):160-6
Sanders, J.L., Watral, V., and Kent, M.L. (2012) Microsporidiosis in zebrafish research facilities. ILAR journal. 53(2):106-113
Kent, M.L., and Varga, Z. (2012) Introduction: use of zebrafish in research and importance of health and husbandry. ILAR journal. 53(2):89-94
Kent, M.L., Harper, C., and Wolf, J.C. (2012) Documented and potential research impacts of subclinical diseases in zebrafish. ILAR journal. 53(2):126-134
Sanders, J.L., and Kent, M.L. (2011) Development of a sensitive assay for the detection of Pseudoloma neurophilia in laboratory populations of the zebrafish Danio rerio. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 96(2):145-156
Kent, M.L., Buchner, C., Watral, V.G., Sanders, J.L., Ladu, J., Peterson, T.S., and Tanguay, R.L. (2011) Development and maintenance of a specific pathogen-free (SPF) zebrafish research facility for Pseudoloma neurophilia. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 95(1):73-79
Sanders, J.L., Lawrence, C., Nichols, D.K., Brubaker, J.F., Peterson, T.S., Murray, K.N., and Kent, M.L. (2010) Pleistophora hyphessobryconis (Microsporidia) infecting zebrafish Danio rerio in research facilities. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 91(1):47-56
Cui, Z., Samuel-Shaker, D., Watral, V., and Kent, M.L. (2010) Attenuated Mycobacterium marinum protects zebrafish against mycobacteriosis. Journal of fish diseases. 33(4):371-375
Ramsay, J.M., Watral, V., Schreck, C.B., and Kent, M.L. (2009) Pseudoloma neurophilia infections in zebrafish Danio rerio: effects of stress on survival, growth, and reproduction. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 88(1):69-84
Ramsay, J.M., Feist, G.W., Varga, Z.M., Westerfield, M., Kent, M.L., and Schreck, C.B. (2009) Whole-body cortisol response of zebrafish to acute net handling stress. Aquaculture (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 297(1-4):157-162
Kent, M.L., Feist, S.W., Harper, C., Hoogstraten-Miller, S., Law, J.M., Sánchez-Morgado, J.M., Tanguay, R.L., Sanders, G.E., Spitsbergen, J.M., Whipps, C.M. (2009) Recommendations for control of pathogens and infectious diseases in fish research facilities. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. 149(2):240-248
Whipps, C.M., Matthews, J.L., and Kent, M.L. (2008) Distribution and genetic characterization of Mycobacterium chelonae in laboratory zebrafish Danio rerio. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 82(1):45-54
Ostland, V.E., Watral, V., Whipps, C.M., Austin, F.W., St-Hilaire, S., Westerman, M.E., and Kent, M.L. (2008) Biochemical, molecular, and virulence characteristics of select Mycobacterium marinum isolates in hybrid striped bass Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis and zebrafish Danio rerio. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 79(2):107-118
Harriff, M.J., Bermudez, L.E., and Kent, M.L. (2007) Experimental exposure of zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton), to Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium peregrinum reveals the gastrointestinal tract as the primary route of infection: a potential model for environmental mycobacterial infection. Journal of fish diseases. 30(10):587-600
Ferguson, J.A., Watral, V., Schwindt, A.R., and Kent, M.L. (2007) Spores of two fish microsporidia (Pseudoloma neurophilia and Glugea anomala) are highly resistant to chlorine. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 76(3):205-214
Whipps, C.M., Dougan, S.T., and Kent, M.L. (2007) Mycobacterium haemophilum infections of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in research facilities. FEMS microbiology letters. 270(1):21-26
Watral, V., and Kent, M.L. (2007) Pathogenesis of Mycobacterium spp. in zebrafish (Danio rerio) from research facilities. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP. 145(1):55-60
Ramsay, J.M., Feist, G.W., Varga, Z.M., Westerfield, M., Kent, M.L., and Schreck, C.B. (2006) Whole-body cortisol is an indicator of crowding stress in adult zebrafish, Danio rerio. Aquaculture (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 258(1-4):565-574
Kent, M.L., Whipps, C.M., Matthews, J.L., Florio, D., Watral, V., Bishop-Stewart, J.K., Poort, M., and Bermudez, L. (2004) Mycobacteriosis in zebrafish (Danio rerio) research facilities. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP. 138(3):383-390
Kent, M.L. and Bishop-Stewart, J.K. (2003) Transmission and tissue distribution of Pseudoloma neurophilia (Microsporidia) of zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton). Journal of fish diseases. 26(7):423-426
Spitsbergen, J.M. and Kent, M.L. (2003) The state of the art of the zebrafish model for toxicology and toxicologic pathology research--advantages and current limitations. Toxicologic pathology. 1(31):62-87
Kent, M.L., Bishop-Stewart, J.K., Matthews, J.L., and Spitsbergen, J.M. (2002) Pseudocapillaria tomentosa, a nematode pathogen, and associated neoplasms of zebrafish (Danio rerio) kept in research colonies. Comparative medicine. 52(4):354-358
Matthews, J.L., Brown, A.M.V., Larison, K., Bishop-Stewart, J.K., Rogers, P., and Kent, M.L. (2001) Pseudoloma neurophilia n. g., n. sp., a new microsporidium from the central nervous system of the zebrafish (Danio rerio). The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 48(2):227-233

Other publications for 2001-2002

St-Hilaire, S., C. Ribble, C. Stephen, E. Anderson, G. Kurath, and M.L. Kent. 2002. Outbreak investigation of infectious hematopoietic necrosis viral disease in the Atlantic salmon aquaculture industry in British Columbia, Canada. Aquaculture (in press).

Criscione, C.D., V. Watral, C.M. Whipps, M.S. Blouin, S.R.M. Jone, and
M.L. Kent2002. Ribosomal DNA sequences indicate isolated populations of
Ichthyophonus hoferi in geographic sympatry in the northeastern Pacific
Ocean. J. Fish Dis. (in press).

Heidel, J.R., B.F. Nowak, K.A. Fischer, V.G. Watral, and M.L. Kent. 2002. Visceral nodular cartilaginous metaplasia in rockfishes (Sebastes spp.) in the eastern North Pacific Ocean. J. Vet. Diag. Invest. (in press)

Ramsay, J. M, D.J. Speare, S.C. Dawe, M.L. Kent. 2002. Xenoma formation during microsporidial gill disease of salmonids caused by Loma salmonae is affected by host species (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, O. kisutch, O. mykiss) but not by salinity. Dis. Aquat. Org. (in press).
Kent, M.L., M. Moser, A. Marques, J. Lom. Phylum Myxozoa Grassé, 1970. 2002. In: Lee, J., Leedale, G. , Bradbury, P. (ed.). An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa Vol. 1.. Soc. Protozool., Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas. pp. 127-148.

Brown, A.M.V., and Kent, M.L. 2002. Molecular diagnostics for Loma salmonae and Nucleospora salmonis (Microsporidia). In: Cunningham, C. Molecular diagnosis of salmonid diseases. Kluwer Acad. Publ., London, England. pp. 267-283.

Moran, J. D.W., and Kent M.L. 2002. Diagnosing Kudoa thyrsites (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) In: Cunningham, C. Molecular diagnosis of salmonid diseases. Kluwer Acad. Publ., London, England pp. 329-345.

Kent, M.L., and O. Palenzuela. 2002. Myxozoa. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. MacMillan Reference Ltd. (Stockton Press), Basingstoke, Hampshire, England (in press).

Kent, M.L., and T.T. Poppe. 2002. Marine and Brackish Water - Coldwater Fishes. In: Woo, P.T.K., Bruno, D.W., and Lim, S.L. (eds.). Diseases of Finfish in Cage Culture. CAB Intl. Publ., Wallingford, Oxon, England. (in press).

Kent, M.L., V. Watral, S.C. Dawe, P. Reno, J.R. Heidel, S. M. Jones. 2001. Ichthyophonus and Mycobacterium-like bacterial infections in commercially-important rockfishes (Sebastes spp.) in the eastern North Pacific Ocean. J. Fish Dis. 24: 427-431.

Kent, M.L., Andree, K.B., Bartholomew, J.L., El-Matbouli, M., Desser, S.S., Devlin, R.H., Hedrick, R.P., Hoffmann, R.W., Khattra, J., Hallett, S.L., Lester, R.J.G., Palenzeula, O., Siddall, M.E., Xiao, C. 2001. Recent advances in our knowledge of the Myxozoa. J. Euk. Microbiol. 48:395-413.

St.-Hilaire, S., C. Stephen, M. Kent, and C. Ribble. 2001. Sentinels in the bay: using farm fish to monitor for fish pathogens in the environment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 58: 369-373

St-Hilaire, S. Ribble, C., G.S. Traxler, T. Davies, and M.L. Kent. 2001. Evidence for a carrier state of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Dis. Aquat. Org. 46: 173-179.

St.-Hilaire, S., C. Ribble, S. LaPatra, S. Chartrand, M.L. Kent. 2001. Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus specific antibody profiles in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Dis. Aquat. Org. 46: 1-6.

Chase, J.C., J.A. Dawson-Coates, J.D. Haddow, M.H. Stewart, L.R. Haines, D.J. Whitaker, M.L. Kent, R.W. Olafson., and T.W. Pearson. 2001. Soft flesh disease in Atlantic salmon: analysis of Kudoa thyrsites (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) spore antigens using monoclonal antibodies. Dis. Aquat. Org. .45: 121-129.

Shaw, R.W., M.L. Kent, and M.L. Adamson. 2001. Innate phagocytic differences in uptake of Loma salmonae (Microsporidia) spores between Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), a resistant host, and chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), a susceptible host. J. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 11: 91-100.

Shaw, R.W., M.L. Kent, and M.L. Adamson. 2001. Innate susceptibility differences in chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha to Loma salmonae (Microsporidia). Dis. Aquat. Org. 43: 49-53.

Shaw, R.W., M.L. Kent, and M.L. Adamson. 2001. Viability of Loma salmonae (Microsporidia) under laboratory conditions. Parasitol. Res. 12: 978-981.