Differential proinflammatory activities of Spike proteins of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern
- Tyrkalska, S.D., Martínez-López, A., Arroyo, A.B., Martínez-Morcillo, F.J., Candel, S., García-Moreno, D., Mesa-Del-Castillo, P., Cayuela, M.L., Mulero, V.
- Science advances 8: eabo0732 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Mulero, Victor
- MeSH Terms
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2*/genetics
- Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism
- Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
- 36112681 Full text @ Sci Adv
Tyrkalska, S.D., Martínez-López, A., Arroyo, A.B., Martínez-Morcillo, F.J., Candel, S., García-Moreno, D., Mesa-Del-Castillo, P., Cayuela, M.L., Mulero, V. (2022) Differential proinflammatory activities of Spike proteins of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. Science advances. 8:eabo0732.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic turned the whole world upside down in a short time. One of the main challenges faced has been to understand COVID-19-associated life-threatening hyperinflammation, the so-called cytokine storm syndrome (CSS). We report here the proinflammatory role of Spike (S) proteins from different severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants of concern in zebrafish. We found that wild-type/Wuhan variant S1 (S1WT) promoted neutrophil and macrophage recruitment, local and systemic hyperinflammation, emergency myelopoiesis, and hemorrhages. In addition, S1γ was more proinflammatory S1δ was less proinflammatory than S1WT, and, notably, S1β promoted delayed and long-lasting inflammation. Pharmacological inhibition of the canonical inflammasome alleviated S1-induced inflammation and emergency myelopoiesis. In contrast, genetic inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 strengthened the proinflammatory activity of S1, and angiotensin (1-7) fully rescued S1-induced hyperinflammation and hemorrhages. These results shed light into the mechanisms orchestrating the COVID-19-associated CSS and the host immune response to different SARS-CoV-2 S protein variants.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes