Impact of Comorbidities of Patients with Psoriasis on Phototherapy Responses
- Fatás-Lalana, B., Cantón-Sandoval, J., Rodríguez-Ruiz, L., Corbalán-Vélez, R., Martínez-Menchón, T., Pérez-Oliva, A.B., Mulero, V.
- International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23(17): (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Mulero, Victor
- comorbidities, diabetes, phototherapy, psoriasis, zebrafish
- MeSH Terms
- Psoriasis*/drug therapy
- Retrospective Studies
- Ultraviolet Therapy*/methods
- 36076906 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
Fatás-Lalana, B., Cantón-Sandoval, J., Rodríguez-Ruiz, L., Corbalán-Vélez, R., Martínez-Menchón, T., Pérez-Oliva, A.B., Mulero, V. (2022) Impact of Comorbidities of Patients with Psoriasis on Phototherapy Responses. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 23(17).
A retrospective study of 200 psoriasis patients and 100 healthy donors in a Spanish cohort was carried out to study the comorbidities associated with psoriasis and their association with the response to phototherapy. The results showed a higher incidence of psychiatric disease, liver disease, kidney disease, hypertension, heart disease, vascular disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease, autoimmune and infectious diseases, dyslipidemia, and psoriatic arthritis in patients with psoriasis than in the control group. The incidence of comorbidities was higher in psoriasis patients over 40 years old than in the control individuals of the same age, which could be indicative of premature aging. Phototherapy was seen to be an effective treatment in cases of moderate-severe psoriasis, total whitening being achieved in more than 30% of patients, with women showing a better response than men. Narrow-band ultraviolet B was found to be the most effective type of phototherapy, although achievement of PASI100 was lower in patients with liver disease, hypertension, heart disease, vascular disease, or diabetes. Strikingly, liver disease and anemia comorbidities favored therapeutic failure. Finally, zebrafish and human 3D organotypic models of psoriasis point to the therapeutic benefit of inhibiting the glucose transporter GLUT1 and the major regulator of blood glucose dipeptidyl peptidase 4. Our study reveals that specific comorbidities of psoriasis patients are associated to failure of phototherapy and, therefore, need to be considered when planning treatment for these patients.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes