Multiple Developmental Defects in sox11a Mutant Zebrafish with Features of Coffin-Siris Syndrome
- Jia, S., Wu, X., Wu, Y., Cui, X., Tao, B., Zhu, Z., Hu, W.
- International journal of biological sciences 16: 3039-3049 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Hu, Wei, Zhu, Zuoyan
- CRISPR/Cas9, Coffin-Siris, sox11, zebrafish
- MeSH Terms
- Abnormalities, Multiple*/genetics
- Hand Deformities, Congenital*/genetics
- Intellectual Disability
- 33061816 Full text @ Int. J. Biol. Sci.
Jia, S., Wu, X., Wu, Y., Cui, X., Tao, B., Zhu, Z., Hu, W. (2020) Multiple Developmental Defects in sox11a Mutant Zebrafish with Features of Coffin-Siris Syndrome. International journal of biological sciences. 16:3039-3049.
A previous study suggested that human Coffin-Siris syndrome is related to the mutation of SOX11. Since the homozygous SOX11 mutant mice died soon after birth, no suitable model was available for the study of the pathogenic mechanism of Coffin-Siris syndrome. To solve this problem, we generated two viable homozygous zebrafish mutants, sox11am/m and sox11bm/m . We found that the sox11am/m mutant possessed Coffin-Siris syndrome features. The sox11am/m mutants exhibited growth deficiency from 3.3 hpf embryos to adulthood. Furthermore, the sox11am/m mutant also displayed microcephaly, narrow pupillary distance, achondroplasia, and bone deformity in adults. Growth deficiency could be rescued by the injection of sox11a mRNA at the one-cell stage. In addition, the expression levels of genes related to cartilage and bone were downregulated in the sox11am/m mutant, indicating that sox11a mainly affected the growth and development of zebrafish by regulating the expression of genes related to skeletal development. Our results indicate that sox11am/m mutant zebrafish offered a potential model system to help with the search for pathogenic mechanisms of human Coffin-Siris syndrome.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes