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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190402-3
Comparative transcriptional analysis of methylparaben and propylparaben in zebrafish
Bereketoglu, C., Pradhan, A.
Date: 2019
Source: The Science of the total environment   671: 129-139 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Pradhan, Ajay
Keywords: Development abnormality, Gene expression, Stress response, Toxicity
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/physiology
  • Embryonic Development/drug effects
  • Parabens/toxicity*
  • Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/toxicity*
  • Toxicogenetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/growth & development*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 30928742 Full text @ Sci. Total Environ.
Parabens are widely used as preservatives in different commercial items including food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and their wide use has resulted in accumulation in the environment. Parabens have been shown to have negative effects on animals as well as human health. In this study, we carried out a comprehensive study to determine the adverse effects associated with propylparaben (PP) and methylparaben (MP) on early developmental stages of zebrafish. Mortality, hatching, developmental abnormalities and gene expression profiles were investigated in embryos exposed to both compounds. The semi-static exposure conditions showed that both MP (≥100 μM) and PP (≥10 μM) are toxic to the embryos in a concentration-dependent manner and lead to developmental abnormality. Malformations such as spinal defects, pericardial edema, and pigmentation defects were observed following both MP and PP treatments. Hatching delay, mortality and developmental abnormality data indicate that PP is more toxic than MP. For gene expression analysis, 1 and 10 μM doses of MP and PP were analyzed. Genes from physiological pathways including stress response, cell cycle and DNA damage, inflammation, fatty acid metabolism and endocrine functions were affected by MP and PP. The gene expression profiles show that parabens cause toxicity by inducing oxidative stress, DNA double-strand breaks, apoptosis as well as by altering fatty acid metabolism. Altered expression of androgen receptor (ar) and estrogen receptor 2 alpha (esr2a) indicates an antiandrogenic and estrogenic activity of parabens in zebrafish. Overall, the present study provides considerable information on the negative effects of MP and PP using physiological endpoints and motivates further studies to explore the molecular mechanism of the toxicity associated with parabens.