Synthesis, Structure and Biological Activity of CIA and CIB, Two α-Conotoxins from the Predation-Evoked Venom of Conus catus.

Giribaldi, J., Wilson, D., Nicke, A., El Hamdaoui, Y., Laconde, G., Faucherre, A., Moha Ou Maati, H., Daly, N.L., Enjalbal, C., Dutertre, S.
toxins   10(6): (Journal)
Registered Authors
Faucherre, Adele
Conus catus, conotoxins, electrophysiology, in vivo, nicotinic receptors, structure, synthesis
MeSH Terms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Conotoxins/chemistry*
  • Conotoxins/toxicity*
  • Conus Snail
  • Molecular Structure
  • Muscles/physiology
  • Neurons/physiology
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Nicotinic/physiology*
  • Zebrafish
29857567 Full text @ Toxins (Basel)
Cone snails produce a fast-acting and often paralyzing venom that is usually injected into their prey or predator through a hypodermic needle-like modified radula tooth. Many diverse compounds are found in their venom including small molecules, peptides and enzymes. However, peptidic toxins called conotoxins (10⁻40 residues and 2⁻4 disulfide bonds) largely dominate these cocktails. These disulfide rich toxins are very valuable pharmacological tools for investigating the function of ions channels, G-protein coupled receptors, transporters and enzymes. Here, we report on the synthesis, structure determination and biological activities of two α-conotoxins, CIA and CIB, found in the predatory venom of the piscivorous species Conus catus. CIA is a typical 3/5 α-conotoxin that blocks the rat muscle type nAChR with an IC50 of 5.7 nM. Interestingly, CIA also inhibits the neuronal rat nAChR subtype α3β2 with an IC50 of 2.06 μM. CIB is a 4/7 α-conotoxin that blocks rat neuronal nAChR subtypes, including α3β2 (IC50 = 128.9 nM) and α7 (IC50 = 1.51 μM). High resolution NMR structures revealed typical α-conotoxin folds for both peptides. We also investigated the in vivo effects of these toxins on fish, since both peptides were identified in the predatory venom of C. catus. Consistent with their pharmacology, CIA was highly paralytic to zebrafish (ED50 = 110 μg/kg), whereas CIB did not affect the mobility of the fish. In conclusion, CIA likely participates in prey capture through muscle paralysis, while the putative ecological role of CIB remains to be elucidated.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes