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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170923-3
Novel Heparin Receptor Transmembrane Protein 184a Regulates Angiogenesis in the Adult Zebrafish Caudal Fin
Farwell, S.L.N., Reylander, K.G., Iovine, M.K., Lowe-Krentz, L.J.
Date: 2017
Source: Frontiers in Physiology   8: 671 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Iovine, M. Kathryn
Keywords: angiogenesis, cell proliferation, endothelial cells, heparin, regeneration, zebrafish
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 28936181 Full text @ Front. Physiol.
Transmembrane protein 184A (TMEM184A) was recently identified as the heparin receptor in vascular cells. Heparin binds specifically to TMEM184A and induces anti-proliferative signaling in vitro. Though it is highly conserved, the physiological function of TMEM184A remains unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression and effects on vascular regeneration of TMEM184A using the adult zebrafish regenerating caudal fin as an in vivo model. Here, we show that Tmem184a is expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) of mature and regenerating zebrafish fins. Transient morpholino (MO)-mediated knockdown of Tmem184a using two validated MOs results in tangled regenerating vessels that do not grow outward and limit normal overall fin regeneration. A significant increase in EC proliferation is observed. Consistent with in vitro work with tissue culture vascular cells, heparin has the opposite effect and decreases EC proliferation which also hinders overall fin regeneration. Collectively, our study suggests that Tmem184a is a novel regulator of angiogenesis.