In vivo modulation of endothelial polarization by Apelin receptor signalling
- Kwon, H.B., Wang, S., Helker, C.S., Rasouli, S.J., Maischein, H.M., Offermanns, S., Herzog, W., Stainier, D.Y.
- Nature communications 7: 11805 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Helker, Christian, Herzog, Wiebke, Maischein, Hans-Martin, Stainier, Didier
- Biological sciences, Developmental biology
- MeSH Terms
- Animals, Genetically Modified
- Apelin Receptors/genetics*
- Apelin Receptors/metabolism
- Biomechanical Phenomena
- Cell Movement
- Cell Polarity*
- Embryo, Nonmammalian
- Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
- Golgi Apparatus/metabolism
- Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism
- Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/ultrastructure
- In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
- Larva/growth & development
- Signal Transduction
- Stress, Mechanical
- Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
- Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
- 27248505 Full text @ Nat. Commun.
Kwon, H.B., Wang, S., Helker, C.S., Rasouli, S.J., Maischein, H.M., Offermanns, S., Herzog, W., Stainier, D.Y. (2016) In vivo modulation of endothelial polarization by Apelin receptor signalling. Nature communications. 7:11805.
Endothelial cells (ECs) respond to shear stress by aligning in the direction of flow. However, how ECs respond to flow in complex in vivo environments is less clear. Here we describe an endothelial-specific transgenic zebrafish line, whereby the Golgi apparatus is labelled to allow for in vivo analysis of endothelial polarization. We find that most ECs polarize within 4.5 h after the onset of vigorous blood flow and, by manipulating cardiac function, observe that flow-induced EC polarization is a dynamic and reversible process. Based on its role in EC migration, we analyse the role of Apelin signalling in EC polarization and find that it is critical for this process. Knocking down Apelin receptor function in human primary ECs also affects their polarization. Our study provides new tools to analyse the mechanisms of EC polarization in vivo and reveals an important role in this process for a signalling pathway implicated in cardiovascular disease.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes