PUBLICATION

Zebrafish Prion Protein PrP2 Controls Collective Migration Process during Lateral Line Sensory System Development

Authors
Huc-Brandt, S., Hieu, N., Imberdis, T., Cubedo, N., Silhol, M., Leighton, P.L., Domaschke, T., Allison, W.T., Perrier, V., Rossel, M.
ID
ZDB-PUB-141202-5
Date
2014
Source
PLoS One   9: e113331 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Allison, Ted, Cubedo, Nicolas, Leighton, Patricia, Rossel, Mireille
Keywords
none
MeSH Terms
  • Adherens Junctions/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Axons/metabolism
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Movement*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Gene Silencing
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/cytology
  • Humans
  • Mechanoreceptors/cytology*
  • Mechanoreceptors/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Prions/genetics
  • Prions/metabolism*
  • Schwann Cells/cytology
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/deficiency
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed
25436888 Full text @ PLoS One
Abstract
Prion protein is involved in severe neurodegenerative disorders but its physiological role is still in debate due to an absence of major developmental defects in knockout mice. Previous reports in zebrafish indicate that the two prion genes, PrP1 and PrP2, are both involved in several steps of embryonic development thus providing a unique route to discover prion protein function. Here we investigate the role of PrP2 during development of a mechano-sensory system, the posterior lateral line, using morpholino knockdown and PrP2 targeted inactivation. We confirm the efficiency of the translation blocking morpholino at the protein level. Development of the posterior lateral line is altered in PrP2 morphants, including nerve axonal outgrowth and primordium migration defects. Reduced neuromast deposition was observed in PrP2 morphants as well as in PrP2-/- mutants. Rosette formation defects were observed in PrP2 morphants, strongly suggesting an abnormal primordium organization and reflecting loss of cell cohesion during migration of the primordium. In addition, the adherens junction proteins, E-cadherin and ß-catenin, were mis-localized after reduction of PrP2 expression and thus contribute to the primordium disorganization. Consequently, hair cell differentiation and number were affected and this resulted in reduced functional neuromasts. At later developmental stages, myelination of the posterior lateral line nerve was altered. Altogether, our study reports an essential role of PrP2 in collective migration process of the primordium and in neuromast formation, further implicating a role for prion protein in cell adhesion.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes