Mutations in ap1b1 Cause Mistargeting of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase Pump in Sensory Hair Cells

Grisham, R.C., Kindt, K., Finger-Baier, K., Schmid, B., and Nicolson, T.
PLoS One   8(4): e60866 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Finger-Baier, Karin, Kindt, Katie, Nicolson, Teresa, Schmid, Bettina
MeSH Terms
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport/chemistry
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport/genetics*
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport/metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Cell Compartmentation
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/metabolism*
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/pathology*
  • Hair Cells, Vestibular/metabolism
  • Hair Cells, Vestibular/pathology
  • Intracellular Space/metabolism
  • Mechanotransduction, Cellular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation/genetics*
  • Protein Transport
  • Sodium/metabolism
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism*
  • Stereocilia/metabolism
  • Stereocilia/pathology
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
23593334 Full text @ PLoS One

The hair cells of the inner ear are polarized epithelial cells with a specialized structure at the apical surface, the mechanosensitive hair bundle. Mechanotransduction occurs within the hair bundle, whereas synaptic transmission takes place at the basolateral membrane. The molecular basis of the development and maintenance of the apical and basal compartments in sensory hair cells is poorly understood. Here we describe auditory/vestibular mutants isolated from forward genetic screens in zebrafish with lesions in the adaptor protein 1 beta subunit 1 (ap1b1) gene. Ap1b1 is a subunit of the adaptor complex AP-1, which has been implicated in the targeting of basolateral membrane proteins. In ap1b1 mutants we observed that although the overall development of the inner ear and lateral-line organ appeared normal, the sensory epithelium showed progressive signs of degeneration. Mechanically-evoked calcium transients were reduced in mutant hair cells, indicating that mechanotransduction was also compromised. To gain insight into the cellular and molecular defects in ap1b1 mutants, we examined the localization of basolateral membrane proteins in hair cells. We observed that the Na+/K+-ATPase pump (NKA) was less abundant in the basolateral membrane and was mislocalized to apical bundles in ap1b1 mutant hair cells. Accordingly, intracellular Na+ levels were increased in ap1b1 mutant hair cells. Our results suggest that Ap1b1 is essential for maintaining integrity and ion homeostasis in hair cells.

Genes / Markers
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Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes