header logo image header logo text
Downloads Login
Research
General Information
ZIRC
ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130402-14
Generation and validation of a zebrafish model of EAST (Epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness and tubulopathy) syndrome
Mahmood, F., Mozere, M., Zdebik, A.A., Stanescu, H.C., Tobin, J., Beales, P.L., Kleta, R., Bockenhauer, D., and Russell, C.
Date: 2013
Source: Disease models & mechanisms 6(3): 652-60 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Russell, Claire
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/pathology*
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability/genetics
  • Intellectual Disability/pathology*
  • Kidney/drug effects
  • Kidney/pathology
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Morpholinos/pharmacology
  • Movement/drug effects
  • Phenotype
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/chemistry
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/genetics
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/metabolism
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Seizures/genetics
  • Seizures/pathology*
  • Xenopus
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
PubMed: 23471908 Full text @ Dis. Model. Mech.
FIGURES
ABSTRACT

Recessive mutations in KCNJ10, which encodes an inwardly rectifying potassium channel, were recently identified as the cause of EAST syndrome, a severe and disabling multi-organ disorder consisting of epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness and tubulopathy that becomes clinically apparent with seizures in infancy. A Kcnj10 knockout mouse shows postnatal mortality and is therefore not suitable for drug discovery. Because zebrafish are ideal for in vivo screening for potential therapeutics, we tested whether kcnj10 knockdown in zebrafish would fill this need. We cloned zebrafish kcnj10 and demonstrated that its function is equivalent to that of human KCNJ10. We next injected splice- and translation-blocking kcnj10 antisense morpholino oligonucleotides and reproduced the cardinal symptoms of EAST syndrome – ataxia, epilepsy and renal tubular defects. Several of these phenotypes could be assayed in an automated manner. We could rescue the morphant phenotype with complementary RNA (cRNA) encoding human wild-type KCNJ10, but not with cRNA encoding a KCNJ10 mutation identified in individuals with EAST syndrome. Our results suggest that zebrafish will be a valuable tool to screen for compounds that are potentially therapeutic for EAST syndrome or its individual symptoms. Knockdown of kcnj10 represents the first zebrafish model of a salt-losing tubulopathy, which has relevance for blood pressure control.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION