Zebrafish heart regeneration occurs by cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation and proliferation
- Jopling, C., Sleep, E., Raya, M., Martí, M., Raya, A., and Izpisúa Belmonte, J.C.
- Nature 464(7288): 606-609 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Izpisúa Belmonte, Juan Carlos, Jopling, Chris, Raya, Angel, Raya, Marina
- MeSH Terms
- Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism
- Cell Dedifferentiation*
- Cell Lineage
- Cell Proliferation
- Gene Expression Regulation
- Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology*
- Myocytes, Cardiac/enzymology
- Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
- Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism
- 20336145 Full text @ Nature
Jopling, C., Sleep, E., Raya, M., Martí, M., Raya, A., and Izpisúa Belmonte, J.C. (2010) Zebrafish heart regeneration occurs by cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation and proliferation. Nature. 464(7288):606-609.
Although mammalian hearts show almost no ability to regenerate, there is a growing initiative to determine whether existing cardiomyocytes or progenitor cells can be coaxed into eliciting a regenerative response. In contrast to mammals, several non-mammalian vertebrate species are able to regenerate their hearts, including the zebrafish, which can fully regenerate its heart after amputation of up to 20% of the ventricle. To address directly the source of newly formed cardiomyocytes during zebrafish heart regeneration, we first established a genetic strategy to trace the lineage of cardiomyocytes in the adult fish, on the basis of the Cre/lox system widely used in the mouse. Here we use this system to show that regenerated heart muscle cells are derived from the proliferation of differentiated cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, we show that proliferating cardiomyocytes undergo limited dedifferentiation characterized by the disassembly of their sarcomeric structure, detachment from one another and the expression of regulators of cell-cycle progression. Specifically, we show that the gene product of polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) is an essential component of cardiomyocyte proliferation during heart regeneration. Our data provide the first direct evidence for the source of proliferating cardiomyocytes during zebrafish heart regeneration and indicate that stem or progenitor cells are not significantly involved in this process.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes