ccm1 cell autonomously regulates endothelial cellular morphogenesis and vascular tubulogenesis in zebrafish
- Hogan, B.M., Bussmann, J., Wolburg, H., and Schulte-Merker, S.
- Human molecular genetics 17(16): 2424-2432 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Bussmann, Jeroen, Hogan, Ben M., Schulte-Merker, Stefan
- MeSH Terms
- Blood Vessels/embryology
- Blood Vessels/growth & development*
- Blood Vessels/metabolism
- Blood Vessels/physiopathology
- Endothelium/growth & development*
- Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
- Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics
- Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism*
- Models, Animal
- Vascular Diseases/embryology
- Vascular Diseases/genetics
- Vascular Diseases/metabolism*
- Zebrafish/growth & development
- Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
- Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
- 18469344 Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.
Hogan, B.M., Bussmann, J., Wolburg, H., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2008) ccm1 cell autonomously regulates endothelial cellular morphogenesis and vascular tubulogenesis in zebrafish. Human molecular genetics. 17(16):2424-2432.
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are a prevalent class of vascular anomalies characterized by thin-walled clusters of malformed blood vessels in the brain. Heritable forms are caused by mutations in CCM1, CCM2 and CCM3 but despite the importance of these factors in vascular biology, an understanding of their molecular and cellular functions remains elusive. Here we describe the characterization of a zebrafish embryonic model of CCM. Loss of ccm1 in zebrafish embryos leads to severe and progressive dilation of major vessels, despite normal endothelial cell fate and number. Vascular dilation in ccm1 mutants is accompanied by progressive spreading of endothelial cells and thinning of vessel walls despite ultrastructurally normal cell-cell contacts. Zebrafish ccm2 mutants display comparable vascular defects. Finally, we show that ccm1 function is cell autonomous, suggesting that it is endothelial cellular morphogenesis that is regulated by CCM proteins during development and pathogenesis.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes