ZFIN ID: ZDB-PERS-960805-505
Schulte-Merker, Stefan
Email: schultes@ukmuenster.de
URL: https://campus.uni-muenster.de/icor/
Affiliation: Schulte-Merker
Address: WWU Münster, Institute for Cardiovascular Organogenesis and Regeneration Mendelstrasse 7, 48149 Münster, Germany
Country: Netherlands
Phone: +49 251 980 2977

The development of blood vessels either de novo (vasculogenesis) or from pre-existing vessels (angiogenesis) is a process with relevance to both embryogenesis and medicine. It can be studied particularly well in the zebrafish by taking advantage of its transparency, which allows the use of reporter lines that express Green Fluorescent Protein in endothelial cells, permitting the observation of vessels in the living embryo. The characterization of zebrafish mutants that exhibit a reduced or excessive number of vessels, or vessels with an aberrant morphology, is a key focus of the lab. We are using confocal microscopy, in situ hybridizations and antibody stainings to characterize those mutants, which have all been mapped to narrow regions of the respective chromosomes. Molecular techniques are being used to clone these genes positionally.

An additional interest in the lab is osteogenesis. The formation of bone is the net result of the interplay between osteoblasts (cells that build bone) and osteoclasts (cells that remodel bone). In a large scale mutant screen we have identified zebrafish mutants that affect osteoblast function and are studying the process of osteogenesis, using methods very similar to the ones mentioned above. We are particularly interested in mutants that exhibit excessive bone formation, as the functions of the underlying genes are relevant not only to larval development, but possibly also have clinical implications.

Chen, Q., Leshkowitz, D., Li, H., van Impel, A., Schulte-Merker, S., Amit, I., Rizzoti, K., Levkowitz, G. (2023) Neural plate progenitors give rise to both anterior and posterior pituitary cells. Developmental Cell. 58(23):2652-2665.e6
Hußmann, M., Schulte, D., Weischer, S., Carlantoni, C., Nakajima, H., Mochizuki, N., Stainier, D.Y.R., Zobel, T., Koch, M., Schulte-Merker, S. (2023) Svep1 is a binding ligand of Tie1 and affects specific aspects of facial lymphatic development in a Vegfc-independent manner. eLIFE. 12:
Labbaf, Z., Petratou, K., Ermlich, L., Backer, W., Tarbashevich, K., Reichman-Fried, M., Luschnig, S., Schulte-Merker, S., Raz, E. (2022) A robust and tunable system for targeted cell ablation in developing embryos. Developmental Cell. 57(16):2026-2040.e5
Arnold, H., Panara, V., Hußmann, M., Filipek-Gorniok, B., Skoczylas, R., Ranefall, P., Gloger, M., Allalou, A., Hogan, B.M., Schulte-Merker, S., Koltowska, K. (2022) mafba and mafbb differentially regulate lymphatic endothelial cell migration in topographically distinct manners. Cell Reports. 39:110982
Peng, D., Ando, K., Hußmann, M., Gloger, M., Skoczylas, R., Mochizuki, N., Betsholtz, C., Fukuhara, S., Schulte-Merker, S., Lawson, N.D., Koltowska, K. (2022) Proper migration of lymphatic endothelial cells requires survival and guidance cues from arterial mural cells. eLIFE. 11
Koltowska, K., Okuda, K.S., Gloger, M., Rondon-Galeano, M., Mason, E., Xuan, J., Dudczig, S., Chen, H., Arnold, H., Skoczylas, R., Bower, N.I., Paterson, S., Lagendijk, A.K., Baillie, G.J., Leshchiner, I., Simons, C., Smith, K.A., Goessling, W., Heath, J.K., Pearson, R.B., Sanij, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Hogan, B.M. (2021) The RNA helicase Ddx21 controls Vegfc-driven developmental lymphangiogenesis by balancing endothelial cell ribosome biogenesis and p53 function. Nature cell biology. 23:1136-1147
Huisman, Y., Uphoff, K., Berger, M., Dobrindt, U., Schelhaas, M., Zobel, T., Bussmann, J., van Impel, A., Schulte-Merker, S. (2021) Meningeal lymphatic endothelial cells fulfill scavenger endothelial cell function and cooperate with microglia in waste removal from the brain. Glia. 70(1):35-49
Suárez, I., Schulte-Merker, S. (2021) Cells with Many Talents: Lymphatic Endothelial Cells in the Brain Meninges. Cells. 10(4):
Blokzijl-Franke, S., Ponsioen, B., Schulte-Merker, S., Herbomel, P., Kissa, K., Choorapoikayil, S., den Hertog, J. (2021) Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling controls survival and stemness of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Oncogene. 40(15):2741-2755
Mauri, C., van Impel, A., Mackay, E.W., Schulte-Merker, S. (2021) The adaptor protein Grb2b is an essential modulator for lympho-venous sprout formation in the zebrafish trunk. Angiogenesis. 24(2):345-362
Klems, A., van Rijssel, J., Ramms, A.S., Wild, R., Hammer, J., Merkel, M., Derenbach, L., Préau, L., Hinkel, R., Suarez-Martinez, I., Schulte-Merker, S., Vidal, R., Sauer, S., Kivelä, R., Alitalo, K., Kupatt, C., van Buul, J.D., le Noble, F. (2020) The GEF Trio controls endothelial cell size and arterial remodeling downstream of Vegf signaling in both zebrafish and cell models. Nature communications. 11:5319
Lleras-Forero, L., Newham, E., Teufel, S., Kawakami, K., Hartmann, C., Hammond, C.L., Knight, R.D., Schulte-Merker, S. (2020) Muscle defects due to perturbed somite segmentation contribute to late adult scoliosis. Aging. 12(18):18603-18621
Wang, G., Muhl, L., Padberg, Y., Dupont, L., Peterson-Maduro, J., Stehling, M., le Noble, F., Colige, A., Betsholtz, C., Schulte-Merker, S., van Impel, A. (2020) Specific fibroblast subpopulations and neuronal structures provide local sources of Vegfc-processing components during zebrafish lymphangiogenesis. Nature communications. 11:2724
Yvernogeau, L., Klaus, A., Maas, J., Morin-Poulard, I., Weijts, B., Schulte-Merker, S., Berezikov, E., Junker, J.P., Robin, C. (2020) Multispecies RNA tomography reveals regulators of hematopoietic stem cell birth in the embryonic aorta. Blood. 136(7):831-844
Harrison, M.R., Feng, X., Mo, G., Aguayo, A., Villafuerte, J., Yoshida, T., Pearson, C.A., Schulte-Merker, S., Lien, C.L. (2019) Late developing cardiac lymphatic vasculature supports adult zebrafish heart function and regeneration. eLIFE. 8:
Aleström, P., D'Angelo, L., Midtlyng, P.J., Schorderet, D.F., Schulte-Merker, S., Sohm, F., Warner, S. (2019) Zebrafish: Housing and husbandry recommendations. Laboratory animals. 54(3):213-224
Kugler, E.C., van Lessen, M., Daetwyler, S., Chhabria, K., Savage, A.M., Silva, V., Plant, K., MacDonald, R.B., Huisken, J., Wilkinson, R.N., Schulte-Merker, S., Armitage, P., Chico, T.J. (2019) Cerebrovascular endothelial cells form transient Notch-dependent cystic structures in zebrafish. EMBO reports. 20:e47047
Lleras-Forero, L., Winkler, C., Schulte-Merker, S. (2019) Zebrafish and medaka as models for biomedical research of bone diseases. Developmental Biology. 457(2):191-205
Eng, T.C., Chen, W., Okuda, K.S., Misa, J.P., Padberg, Y., Crosier, K.E., Crosier, P.S., Hall, C.J., Schulte-Merker, S., Hogan, B.M., Astin, J.W. (2019) Zebrafish facial lymphatics develop through sequential addition of venous and non-venous progenitors. EMBO reports. 20(5):
Camargo-Sosa, K., Colanesi, S., Müller, J., Schulte-Merker, S., Stemple, D., Patton, E.E., Kelsh, R.N. (2019) Endothelin receptor Aa regulates proliferation and differentiation of Erb-dependent pigment progenitors in zebrafish. PLoS Genetics. 15:e1007941
Zeng, Z., Lopez-Baez, J.C., Lleras-Forero, L., Brunsdon, H., Wyatt, C., Rybski, W., Hastie, N.D., Schulte-Merker, S., Patton, E.E. (2018) Notochord Injury Assays that Stimulate Transcriptional Responses in Zebrafish Larvae. Bio-protocol. 8:e3100
Nadarajah, N., Schulte, D., McConnell, V., Martin-Almedina, S., Karapouliou, C., Mortimer, P.S., Jeffery, S., Schulte-Merker, S., Gordon, K., Mansour, S., Ostergaard, P. (2018) A Novel Splice-Site Mutation in VEGFC Is Associated with Congenital Primary Lymphoedema of Gordon.. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 19(8)
Mauri, C., Wang, G., Schulte-Merker, S. (2018) From fish embryos to human patients: lymphangiogenesis in development and disease. Current opinion in immunology. 53:167-172
Nowak-Sliwinska, P., Alitalo, K., Allen, E., Anisimov, A., Aplin, A.C., Auerbach, R., Augustin, H.G., Bates, D.O., van Beijnum, J.R., Bender, R.H.F., Bergers, G., Bikfalvi, A., Bischoff, J., Böck, B.C., Brooks, P.C., Bussolino, F., Cakir, B., Carmeliet, P., Castranova, D., Cimpean, A.M., Cleaver, O., Coukos, G., Davis, G.E., De Palma, M., Dimberg, A., Dings, R.P.M., Djonov, V., Dudley, A.C., Dufton, N.P., Fendt, S.M., Ferrara, N., Fruttiger, M., Fukumura, D., Ghesquière, B., Gong, Y., Griffin, R.J., Harris, A.L., Hughes, C.C.W., Hultgren, N.W., Iruela-Arispe, M.L., Irving, M., Jain, R.K., Kalluri, R., Kalucka, J., Kerbel, R.S., Kitajewski, J., Klaassen, I., Kleinmann, H.K., Koolwijk, P., Kuczynski, E., Kwak, B.R., Marien, K., Melero-Martin, J.M., Munn, L.L., Nicosia, R.F., Noel, A., Nurro, J., Olsson, A.K., Petrova, T.V., Pietras, K., Pili, R., Pollard, J.W., Post, M.J., Quax, P.H.A., Rabinovich, G.A., Raica, M., Randi, A.M., Ribatti, D., Ruegg, C., Schlingemann, R.O., Schulte-Merker, S., Smith, L.E.H., Song, J.W., Stacker, S.A., Stalin, J., Stratman, A.N., Van de Velde, M., van Hinsbergh, V.W.M., Vermeulen, P.B., Waltenberger, J., Weinstein, B.M., Xin, H., Yetkin-Arik, B., Yla-Herttuala, S., Yoder, M.C., Griffioen, A.W. (2018) Consensus guidelines for the use and interpretation of angiogenesis assays. Angiogenesis. 21(3):425-532
Pogoda, H.M., Riedl-Quinkertz, I., Löhr, H., Waxman, J.S., Dale, R.M., Topczewski, J., Schulte-Merker, S., Hammerschmidt, M. (2018) Direct activation of chordoblasts by retinoic acid is required for segmented centra mineralization during zebrafish spine development. Development (Cambridge, England). 145(9)
LLeras Forero, L., Narayanan, R., Huitema, L.F.A., VanBergen, M., Apschner, A., Peterson-Maduro, J., Logister, I., Valentin, G., Morelli, L.G., Oates, A., Schulte-Merker, S. (2018) Segmentation of the zebrafish axial skeleton relies on notochord sheath cells and not on the segmentation clock. eLIFE. 7
Wopat, S., Bagwell, J., Sumigray, K.D., Dickson, A.L., Huitema, L.F.A., Poss, K.D., Schulte-Merker, S., Bagnat, M. (2018) Spine Patterning Is Guided by Segmentation of the Notochord Sheath. Cell Reports. 22:2026-2038
Lopez-Baez, J.C., Simpson, D.J., LLeras Forero, L., Zeng, Z., Brunsdon, H., Salzano, A., Brombin, A., Wyatt, C., Rybski, W., Huitema, L.F.A., Dale, R.M., Kawakami, K., Englert, C., Chandra, T., Schulte-Merker, S., Hastie, N.D., Patton, E.E. (2018) Wilms Tumor 1b defines a wound-specific sheath cell subpopulation associated with notochord repair.. eLIFE. 7
van Rooijen, E., van de Hoek, G., Logister, I., Ajzenberg, H., Knoers, N.V.A.M., van Eeden, F., Voest, E.E., Schulte-Merker, S., Giles, R.H. (2018) The von Hippel-Lindau Gene Is Required to Maintain Renal Proximal Tubule and Glomerulus Integrity in Zebrafish Larvae. Nephron. 138(4):310-323
Stainier, D.Y.R., Raz, E., Lawson, N.D., Ekker, S.C., Burdine, R.D., Eisen, J.S., Ingham, P.W., Schulte-Merker, S., Yelon, D., Weinstein, B.M., Mullins, M.C., Wilson, S.W., Ramakrishnan, L., Amacher, S.L., Neuhauss, S.C.F., Meng, A., Mochizuki, N., Panula, P., Moens, C.B. (2017) Guidelines for morpholino use in zebrafish. PLoS Genetics. 13:e1007000
Köhler, A., Collymore, C., Finger-Baier, K., Geisler, R., Kaufmann, L., Pounder, K.C., Schulte-Merker, S., Valentim, A., Varga, Z.M., Weiss, J., Strähle, U. (2017) Report of Workshop on Euthanasia for Zebrafish-A Matter of Welfare and Science. Zebrafish. 14(6):547-551
Hogan, B.M., Schulte-Merker, S. (2017) How to Plumb a Pisces: Understanding Vascular Development and Disease Using Zebrafish Embryos. Developmental Cell. 42:567-583
Weijts, B.G.M.W., Westendorp, B., Hien, B.T., Martínez-López, L.M., Zijp, M., Thurlings, I., Thomas, R.E., Schulte-Merker, S., Bakker, W.J., de Bruin, A. (2017) Atypical E2Fs inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Oncogene. 37(2):271-276
Chiang, I.K., Fritzsche, M., Pichol-Thievend, C., Neal, A., Holmes, K., Lagendijk, A., Overman, J., D'Angelo, D., Omini, A., Hermkens, D., Lesieur, E., Liu, K., Ratnayaka, I., Corada, M., Bou-Gharios, G., Carroll, J., Dejana, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Hogan, B., Beltrame, M., De Val, S., Francois, M. (2017) SoxF factors induce Notch1 expression via direct transcriptional regulation during early arterial development. Development (Cambridge, England). 144(14):2629-2639
van Lessen, M., Shibata-Germanos, S., van Impel, A., Hawkins, T.A., Rihel, J., Schulte-Merker, S. (2017) Intracellular uptake of macromolecules by brain lymphatic endothelial cells during zebrafish embryonic development. eLIFE. 6
Kärpanen, T., Padberg, Y., van de Pavert, S.A., Dierkes, C., Morooka, N., Peterson-Maduro, J., van de Hoek, G., Adrian, M., Mochizuki, N., Sekiguchi, K., Kiefer, F., Schulte, D., Schulte-Merker, S. (2017) An Evolutionarily Conserved Role for Polydom/Svep1 During Lymphatic Vessel Formation. Circulation research. 120(8):1263-1275
Wild, R., Klems, A., Takamiya, M., Hayashi, Y., Strähle, U., Ando, K., Mochizuki, N., van Impel, A., Schulte-Merker, S., Krueger, J., Preau, L., le Noble, F. (2017) Neuronal sFlt1 and Vegfaa determine venous sprouting and spinal cord vascularization. Nature communications. 8:13991
Padberg, Y., Schulte-Merker, S., van Impel, A. (2017) The lymphatic vasculature revisited-new developments in the zebrafish. Methods in cell biology. 138:221-238
Spiegler, S., Kirchmaier, B., Rath, M., Korenke, G.C., Tetzlaff, F., van de Vorst, M., Neveling, K., Acker-Palmer, A., Kuss, A.W., Gilissen, C., Fischer, A., Schulte-Merker, S., Felbor, U. (2016) FAM222B Is Not a Likely Novel Candidate Gene for Cerebral Cavernous Malformations. Molecular Syndromology. 7:144-52
de Bruin, A., Cornelissen, P.W., Kirchmaier, B.C., Mokry, M., Iich, E., Nirmala, E., Liang, K.H., Végh, A.M., Scholman, K.T., Groot Koerkamp, M.J., Holstege, F.C., Cuppen, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Bakker, W.J. (2016) Genome-wide analysis reveals NRP1 as a direct HIF1α-E2F7 target in the regulation of motorneuron guidance in vivo. Nucleic acids research. 44(8):3549-66
Pappalardo, A., Porreca, I., Caputi, L., De Felice, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Zannini, M., Sordino, P. (2015) Thyroid development in zebrafish lacking Taz. Mechanisms of Development. 138 Pt 3:268-78
de Vrieze, E., Zethof, J., Schulte-Merker, S., Flik, G., Metz, J.R. (2015) Identification of novel osteogenic compounds by an ex-vivo Sp7:luciferase zebrafish scale assay. Bone. 74:106-13
Hermkens, D.M., van Impel, A., Urasaki, A., Bussmann, J., Duckers, H.J., Schulte-Merker, S. (2015) Sox7 controls arterial specification in conjunction with hey2 and efnb2 function. Development (Cambridge, England). 142(9):1695-704
Mackay, E.W., Apschner, A., Schulte-Merker, S. (2015) Vitamin K reduces hypermineralisation in zebrafish models of PXE and GACI. Development (Cambridge, England). 142:1095-101
Kok, F.O., Shin, M., Ni, C., Gupta, A., Grosse, A.S., van Impel, A., Kirchmaier, B.C., Peterson-Maduro, J., Kourkoulis, G., Male, I., DeSantis, D.F., Sheppard-Tindell, S., Ebarasi, L., Betsholtz, C., Schulte-Merker, S., Wolfe, S.A., Lawson, N.D. (2015) Reverse Genetic Screening Reveals Poor Correlation between Morpholino-Induced and Mutant Phenotypes in Zebrafish. Developmental Cell. 32(1):97-108
Coxam, B., Neyt, C., Grassini, D.R., Le Guen, L., Smith, K.A., Schulte-Merker, S., Hogan, B.M. (2015) carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamylase, and dihydroorotase (cad) regulates Notch signaling and vascular development in zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists. 244(1):1-9
Schulte-Merker, S., Stainier, D.Y. (2014) Out with the old, in with the new: reassessing morpholino knockdowns in light of genome editing technology. Development (Cambridge, England). 141:3103-4
Apschner, A., Huitema, L.F., Ponsioen, B., Peterson-Maduro, J., Schulte-Merker, S. (2014) Pathological mineralization in a zebrafish enpp1 mutant exhibits features of Generalized Arterial Calcification of Infancy (GACI) and Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (PXE). Disease models & mechanisms. 7(7):811-22
Geurtzen, K., Knopf, F., Wehner, D., Huitema, L.F., Schulte-Merker, S., Weidinger, G. (2014) Mature osteoblasts dedifferentiate in response to traumatic bone injury in the zebrafish fin and skull. Development (Cambridge, England). 141(11):2225-34
Coxam, B., Sabine, A., Bower, N.I., Smith, K.A., Pichol-Thievend, C., Skoczylas, R., Astin, J.W., Frampton, E., Jaquet, M., Crosier, P.S., Parton, R.G., Harvey, N.L., Petrova, T.V., Schulte-Merker, S., Francois, M., Hogan, B.M. (2014) Pkd1 Regulates Lymphatic Vascular Morphogenesis during Development. Cell Reports. 7:623-33
Kessels, M.Y., Huitema, L.F., Boeren, S., Kranenbarg, S., Schulte-Merker, S., van Leeuwen, J.L., de Vries, S.C. (2014) Proteomics analysis of the zebrafish skeletal extracellular matrix. PLoS One. 9:e90568
Le Guen, L., Karpanen, T., Schulte, D., Harris, N.C., Koltowska, K., Roukens, G., Bower, N.I., van Impel, A., Stacker, S.A., Achen, M.G., Schulte-Merker, S., and Hogan, B.M. (2014) Ccbe1 regulates Vegfc-mediated induction of Vegfr3 signaling during embryonic lymphangiogenesis. Development (Cambridge, England). 141(6):1239-1249
van Impel, A., Zhao, Z., Hermkens, D.M., Roukens, M.G., Fischer, J.C., Peterson-Maduro, J., Duckers, H., Ober, E.A., Ingham, P.W., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2014) Divergence of zebrafish and mouse lymphatic cell fate specification pathways. Development (Cambridge, England). 141(6):1228-1238
van Impel, A., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2014) A fisheye view on lymphangiogenesis. Advances in anatomy, embryology, and cell biology. 214:153-65
Mackay, E.W., Apschner, A., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2013) A bone to pick with zebrafish. Bonekey Reports. 2:445
Weijts, B.G., van Impel, A., Schulte-Merker, S., and de Bruin, A. (2013) Atypical E2fs Control Lymphangiogenesis through Transcriptional Regulation of Ccbe1 and Flt4. PLoS One. 8(9):e73693
Fritz, R.D., Letzelter, M., Reimann, A., Martin, K., Fusco, L., Ritsma, L., Ponsioen, B., Fluri, E., Schulte-Merker, S., van Rheenen, J., and Pertz, O. (2013) A Versatile Toolkit to Produce Sensitive FRET Biosensors to Visualize Signaling in Time and Space. Science signaling. 6(285):rs12
Helker, C.S., Schuermann, A., Karpanen, T., Zeuschner, D., Belting, H.G., Affolter, M., Schulte-Merker, S., and Herzog, W. (2013) The zebrafish common cardinal veins develop by a novel mechanism: lumen ensheathment. Development (Cambridge, England). 140(13):2776-2786
Basten, S.G., Davis, E.E., Gillis, A.J., van Rooijen, E., Stoop, H., Babala, N., Logister, I., Heath, Z.G., Jonges, T.N., Katsanis, N., Voest, E.E., van Eeden, F.J., Medema, R.H., Ketting, R.F., Schulte-Merker, S., Looijenga, L.H., and Giles, R.H. (2013) Mutations in LRRC50 Predispose Zebrafish and Humans to Seminomas. PLoS Genetics. 9(4):e1003384
Gordon, K., Schulte, D., Brice, G., Simpson, M.A., Roukens, M.G., van Impel, A.W., Connell, F., Kalidas, K., Jeffery, S., Mortimer, P.S., Mansour, S., Schulte-Merker, S., and Ostergaard, P. (2013) Mutation in Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-C, a Ligand for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3, Is Associated With Autosomal Dominant Milroy-Like Primary Lymphedema. Circulation research. 112(6):956-60
Mitchell, R.E., Huitema, L.F., Skinner, R.H., Brunt, L.H., Severn, C., Schulte-Merker, S., and Hammond, C.L. (2013) New tools for studying osteoarthritis genetics in zebrafish. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 21(2):269-278
Huitema, L.F., Apschner, A., Logister, I., Spoorendonk, K.M., Bussmann, J., Hammond, C.L., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2012) Entpd5 is essential for skeletal mineralization and regulates phosphate homeostasis in zebrafish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109(52):21372-21377
Weijts, B.G., Bakker, W.J., Cornelissen, P.W., Liang, K.H., Schaftenaar, F.H., Westendorp, B., de Wolf, C.A., Paciejewska, M., Scheele, C.L., Kent, L., Leone, G., Schulte-Merker, S., and de Bruin, A. (2012) E2F7 and E2F8 promote angiogenesis through transcriptional activation of VEGFA in cooperation with HIF1. The EMBO journal. 31(19):3871-3884
Huitema, L.F., Renn, J., Logister, I., Gray, J.K., Waltz, S.E., Flik, G., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2012) Macrophage-stimulating protein and calcium homeostasis in zebrafish. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 26(10):4092-4101
Wilkinson, R.N., Koudijs, M.J., Patient, R.K., Ingham, P.W., Schulte-Merker, S., and van Eeden, F.J. (2012) Hedgehog signaling via a calcitonin receptor-like receptor can induce arterial differentiation independently of VEGF signaling in zebrafish. Blood. 120(2):477-488
Fiaz, A.W., Léon-Kloosterziel, K.M., Gort, G., Schulte-Merker, S., van Leeuwen, J.L., and Kranenbarg, S. (2012) Swim-Training Changes the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Skeletogenesis in Zebrafish Larvae (Danio rerio). PLoS One. 7(4):e34072
Bussmann, J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2011) Rapid BAC selection for tol2-mediated transgenesis in zebrafish. Development (Cambridge, England). 138(19):4327-32
Vanoevelen, J., Janssens, A., Huitema, L.F., Hammond, C.L., Metz, J.R., Flik, G., Voets, T., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2011) Trpv5/6 is vital for epithelial calcium uptake and bone formation. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 25(9):3197-207
Fiedler, J., Jazbutyte, V., Kirchmaier, B.C., Gupta, S.K., Lorenzen, J., Hartmann, D., Galuppo, P., Kneitz, S., Pena, J.T., Sohn-Lee, C., Loyer, X., Soutschek, J., Brand, T., Tuschl, T., Heineke, J., Martin, U., Schulte-Merker, S., Ertl, G., Engelhardt, S., Bauersachs, J., and Thum, T. (2011) MicroRNA-24 Regulates Vascularity After Myocardial Infarction. Circulation. 124(6):720-30
Knopf, F., Hammond, C., Chekuru, A., Kurth, T., Hans, S., Weber, C.W., Mahatma, G., Fisher, S., Brand, M., Schulte-Merker, S., and Weidinger, G. (2011) Bone Regenerates via Dedifferentiation of Osteoblasts in the Zebrafish Fin. Developmental Cell. 20(5):713-724
Krueger, J., Liu, D., Scholz, K., Zimmer, A., Shi, Y., Klein, C., Siekmann, A., Schulte-Merker, S., Cudmore, M., Ahmed, A., le Noble, F. (2011) Flt1 acts as a negative regulator of tip cell formation and branching morphogenesis in the zebrafish embryo. Development (Cambridge, England). 138(10):2111-2120
Tao, S., Witte, M., Bryson-Richardson, R.J., Currie, P.D., Hogan, B.M., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2011) Zebrafish prox1b Mutants Develop a Lymphatic Vasculature, and prox1b Does Not Specifically Mark Lymphatic Endothelial Cells. PLoS One. 6(12):e28934
Apschner, A., Schulte-Merker, S., and Witten, P.E. (2011) Not All Bones are Created Equal - Using Zebrafish and Other Teleost Species in Osteogenesis Research. Methods in cell biology. 105:239-255
Karpanen, T., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2011) Zebrafish provides a novel model for lymphatic vascular research. Methods in cell biology. 105:223-238
van Rooijen, E., Santhakumar, K., Logister, I., Voest, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Giles, R., and van Eeden, F. (2011) A Zebrafish Model for VHL and Hypoxia Signaling. Methods in cell biology. 105:163-190
Gjini, E., Hekking, L.H., Küchler, A., Saharinen, P., Wienholds, E., Post, J.A., Alitalo, K., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2011) Zebrafish Tie-2 shares a redundant role with Tie-1 in heart development and regulates vessel integrity. Disease models & mechanisms. 4(1):57-66
Hermans, K., Claes, F., Vandevelde, W., Zheng, W., Geudens, I., Orsenigo, F., De Smet, F., Gjini, E., Anthonis, K., Ren, B., Kerjaschki, D., Autiero, M., Ny, A., Simons, M., Dewerchin, M., Schulte-Merker, S., Dejana, E., Alitalo, K., and Carmeliet, P. (2010) Role of synectin in lymphatic development in zebrafish and frogs. Blood. 116(17):3356-3366
Geudens, I., Herpers, R., Hermans, K., Segura, I., Ruiz de Almodovar, C., Bussmann, J., De Smet, F., Vandevelde, W., Hogan, B.M., Siekmann, A., Claes, F., Moore, J.C., Pistocchi, A.S., Loges, S., Mazzone, M., Mariggi, G., Bruyere, F., Cotelli, F., Kerjaschki, D., Noel, A., Foidart, J.M., Gerhardt, H., Ny, A., Langenberg, T., Lawson, N.D., Duckers, H.J., Schulte-Merker, S., Carmeliet, P., and Dewerchin, M. (2010) Role of delta-like-4/Notch in the formation and wiring of the lymphatic network in zebrafish. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.. 30(9):1695-1702
Bussmann, J., Bos, F.L., Urasaki, A., Kawakami, K., Duckers, H.J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2010) Arteries provide essential guidance cues for lymphatic endothelial cells in the zebrafish trunk. Development (Cambridge, England). 137(16):2653-2657
Pedrioli, D.M.L., Karpanen, T., Dabouras, V., Jurisic, G., van de Hoek, G., Shin, J.W., Marino, D., Kälin, R.E., Leidel, S., Cinelli, P., Schulte-Merker, S., Brändli, A.W., and Detmar, M. (2010) miR-31 functions as a negative regulator of lymphatic vascular lineage-specific differentiation in vitro and vascular development in vivo. Molecular and cellular biology. 30(14):3620-3634
van Rooijen, E., Voest, E.E., Logister, I., Bussmann, J., Korving, J., van Eeden, F.J., Giles, R.H., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2010) von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor mutants faithfully model pathological hypoxia-driven angiogenesis and vascular retinopathies in zebrafish. Disease models & mechanisms. 3(5-6):343-353
Spoorendonk, K. M., Hammond, C. L. , Huitema, L. F. A., Vanoevelen, J., Schulte-Merker, S. (2010) Zebrafish as a unique model system in bone research: the power of genetics and in vivo imaging. Zeitschrift fur angewandte Ichthyologie = Journal of applied ichthyology. 26(2):219-224
Tournoij, E., Weber, G.J., Akkerman, J.W., de Groot, P.G., Zon, L.I., Moll, F.L., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2010) Mlck1a is expressed in zebrafish thrombocytes and an essential component for thrombus formation. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH. 8(3):588-595
Hammond, C.L., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2009) Two populations of endochondral osteoblasts with differential sensitivity to Hedgehog signalling. Development (Cambridge, England). 136(23):3991-4000
Alders, M., Hogan, B.M., Gjini, E., Salehi, F., Al-Gazali, L., Hennekam, E.A., Holmberg, E.E., Mannens, M.M., Mulder, M.F., Offerhaus, G.J., Prescott, T.E., Schroor, E.J., Verheij, J.B., Witte, M., Zwijnenburg, P.J., Vikkula, M., Schulte-Merker, S., and Hennekam, R.C. (2009) Mutations in CCBE1 cause generalized lymph vessel dysplasia in humans. Nature Genetics. 41(12):1272-1274
Hogan, B.M., Herpers, R., Witte, M., Heloterä, H., Alitalo, K., Duckers, H.J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2009) Vegfc/Flt4 signalling is suppressed by Dll4 in developing zebrafish intersegmental arteries. Development (Cambridge, England). 136(23):4001-4009
van Rooijen, E., Voest, E.E., Logister, I., Korving, J., Schwerte, T., Schulte-Merker, S., Giles, R.H., and van Eeden, F.J. (2009) Zebrafish mutants in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor display a hypoxic response and recapitulate key aspects of Chuvash polycythemia. Blood. 113(25):6449-6460
Voss, K., Stahl, S., Hogan, B.M., Reinders, J., Schleider, E., Schulte-Merker, S., and Felbor, U. (2009) Functional analyses of human and zebrafish 18-amino acid in-frame deletion pave the way for domain mapping of the cerebral cavernous malformation 3 protein. Human Mutation. 30(6):1003-1011
Hogan, B.M., Bos, F.L., Bussmann, J., Witte, M., Chi, N.C., Duckers, H.J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2009) ccbe1 is required for embryonic lymphangiogenesis and venous sprouting. Nature Genetics. 41(4):396-398
Brittijn, S.A., Duivesteijn, S.J., Belmamoune, M., Bertens, L.F., Bitter, W., Debruijn, J.D., Champagne, D.L., Cuppen, E., Flik, G., Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C.M., Janssen, R.A., de Jong, I.M., de Kloet, E.R., Kros, A., Meijer, A.H., Metz, J.R., van der Sar, A.M., Schaaf, M.J., Schulte-Merker, S., Spaink, H.P., Tak, P.P., Verbeek, F.J., Vervoordeldonk, M.J., Vonk, F.J., Witte, F., Yuan, H., and Richardson, M.K. (2009) Zebrafish development and regeneration: new tools for biomedical research. The International journal of developmental biology. 53(5-6):835-850
Spoorendonk, K.M., Peterson-Maduro, J., Renn, J., Trowe, T., Kranenbarg, S., Winkler, C., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2008) Retinoic acid and Cyp26b1 are critical regulators of osteogenesis in the axial skeleton. Development (Cambridge, England). 135(22):3765-3774
Hogan, B.M., Bussmann, J., Wolburg, H., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2008) ccm1 cell autonomously regulates endothelial cellular morphogenesis and vascular tubulogenesis in zebrafish. Human molecular genetics. 17(16):2424-2432
van Rooijen, E., Giles, R.H., Voest, E.E., van Rooijen, C., Schulte-Merker, S., and van Eeden, F.J. (2008) LRRC50, a Conserved Ciliary Protein Implicated in Polycystic Kidney Disease. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN. 19(6):1128-1138
Bussmann, J., Lawson, N., Zon, L., Schulte-Merker, S., and Zebrafish Nomenclature Committee. (2008) Zebrafish VEGF receptors: a guideline to nomenclature. PLoS Genetics. 4(5):e1000064
Smith, K.A., Chocron, S., von der Hardt, S., de Pater, E., Soufan, A., Bussmann, J., Schulte-Merker, S., Hammerschmidt, M., and Bakkers, J. (2008) Rotation and asymmetric development of the zebrafish heart requires directed migration of cardiac progenitor cells. Developmental Cell. 14(2):287-297
Herpers, R., van de Kamp, E., Duckers, H.J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2008) Redundant Roles for Sox7 and Sox18 in Arteriovenous Specification in Zebrafish. Circulation research. 102(1):12-15
Bussmann, J., Bakkers, J., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2007) Early Endocardial Morphogenesis Requires Scl/Tal1. PLoS Genetics. 3(8):e140
Kuchler, A.M., Gjini, E., Peterson-Maduro, J., Cancilla, B., Wolburg, H., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2006) Development of the zebrafish lymphatic system requires vegfc signaling. Current biology : CB. 16(12):1244-1248
Berghmans,, S., Murphey, R.D., Wienholds, E., Neuberg, D., Kutok, J.L., Fletcher, C.D., Morris, J.P., Liu, T.X., Schulte-Merker, S., Kanki, J.P., Plasterk, R., Zon, L.I., and Look, A.T. (2005) tp53 mutant zebrafish develop malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 102(2):407-412
Pelegri, F., Dekens, M.P., Schulte-Merker, S., Maischein, H.M., Weiler, C., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (2004) Identification of recessive maternal-effect mutations in the zebrafish using a gynogenesis-based method. Developmental Dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists. 231(2):324-335
Martyn, U., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2004) Zebrafish neuropilins are differentially expressed and interact with vascular endothelial growth factor during embryonic vascular development. Developmental Dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists. 231(1):33-42
Habeck, H., Vogel, A.M., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2003) Getting connected. Developmental Cell. 5(5):669-670
Martyn, U. and Schulte-Merker, S. (2003) The ventralized ogon mutant phenotype is caused by a mutation in the zebrafish homologue of Sizzled, a secreted Frizzled-related protein. Developmental Biology. 260(1):58-67
Habeck, H., Odenthal, J., Walderich, B., Maischein, H.-M., Tübingen 2000 screen consortium, and Schulte-Merker, S. (2002) Analysis of a zebrafish VEGF receptor mutant reveals specific disruption of angiogenesis. Current biology : CB. 12(16):1405-1412
Wienholds, E., Schulte-Merker, S., Walderich, B., and Plasterk, R.H.A. (2002) Target-selected inactivation of the zebrafish rag1 gene. Science (New York, N.Y.). 297(5578):99-102
Grandel, H., Lun, K., Rauch, G.J., Rhinn, M., Piotrowski, T., Houart, C., Sordino, P., Küchler, A.M., Schulte-Merker, S., Geisler, R., Holder, N., Wilson, S.W., and Brand, M. (2002) Retinoic acid signalling in the zebrafish embryo is necessary during pre-segmentation stages to pattern the anterior-posterior axis of the CNS and to induce a pectoral fin bud. Development (Cambridge, England). 129(12):2851-2865
Koshida, S., Shinya, M., Nikaido, M., Ueno, N., Schulte-Merker, S., Kuroiwa, A., and Takeda, H. (2002) Inhibition of BMP activity by the FGF signal promotes posterior neural development in zebrafish. Developmental Biology. 244(1):9-20
Davidson, A.J., Dooley, K., Schmidt, B., Paffett-Lugassy, N., White, N., Walderich, B., Odenthal, J., Maischein, H.M., Schulte-Merker, S., Nüsslein-Volhard, C., Thisse, C., Thisse, B., and Zon, L.I. (2001) Functional genomics and mutagenesis screening in the zebrafish identifies genes required for hematopoietic stem cell development. Blood. 98(11):1888
Reifers, F., Adams, J., Mason, I.J., Schulte-Merker, S., and Brand, M. (2000) Overlapping and distinct functions provided by fgf17, a new zebrafish member of the Fgf8/17/18 subgroup of Fgfs. Mechanisms of Development. 99(1-2):39-49
Goutel, C., Kishimoto, Y., Schulte-Merker, S., and Rosa, F. (2000) The ventralizing activity of Radar, a maternally expressed bone morphogenetic protein, reveals complex bone morphogenetic protein interactions controlling dorso-ventral patterning in zebrafish. Mechanisms of Development. 99(1-2):15-27
Grandel, H., Draper, B.W., and Schulte-Merker, S. (2000) dackel acts in the ectoderm of the zebrafish pectoral fin bud to maintain AER signaling. Development (Cambridge, England). 127(19):4169-4178
Hild, M., Dick, A., Bauer, H., Schulte-Merker, S., Haffter, P., Bouwmeester, T., and Hammerschmidt, M. (2000) The roles of BMPs, BMP antagonists, and the BMP signaling transducers Smad1 and Smad5 during dorsoventral patterning of the zebrafish embryo. Epilepsia. (29):81-106
Pelegri, F., Knaut, H., Maischein, H.M., Schulte-Merker, S., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1999) A mutation in the zebrafish maternal-effect gene nebel affects furrow formation and vasa RNA localization. Current biology : CB. 9(24):1431-1440
Ober, E.A. and Schulte-Merker, S. (1999) Signals from the yolk cell induce mesoderm, neuroectoderm, the trunk organizer, and the notochord in zebrafish. Developmental Biology. 215(2):167-181
Neumann, C.J., Grandel, H., Gaffield, W., Schulte-Merker, S., Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1999) Transient establishment of anteroposterior polarity in the zebrafish pectoral fin bud in the absence of sonic hedgehog activity. Development (Cambridge, England). 126(21):4817-4826
Barth, K.A., Kishimoto, Y., Rohr, K.B., Seydler, C., Schulte-Merker, S., and Wilson, S.W. (1999) Bmp activity establishes a gradient of positional information throughout the entire neural plate. Development (Cambridge, England). 126(22):4977-4987
Geisler, R., Rauch, G.J., Baier, H., van Bebber, F., Brobeta, L., Dekens, M.P., Finger, K., Fricke, C., Gates, M.A., Geiger, H., Geiger-Rudolph, S., Gilmour, D., Glaser, S., Gnugge, L., Habeck, H., Hingst, K., Holley, S., Keenan, J., Kirn, A., Knaut, H., Lashkari, D., Maderspacher, F., Martyn, U., Neuhauss, S., Neumann, C., Nicolson, T., Pelegri, F., Ray, R., Rick, J.M., Roehl, H., Roeser, T., Schauerte, H.E., Schier, A.F., Schönberger, U., Schönthaler, H.-B., Schulte-Merker, S., Seydler, C., Talbot, W.S., Weiler, C., Nüsslein-Volhard, C., and Haffter, P. (1999) A radiation hybrid map of the zebrafish genome. Nature Genetics. 23(1):86-89
Rohr, K.B., Schulte-Merker, S., and Tautz, D. (1999) Zebrafish zic1 expression in brain and somites is affected by BMP and hedgehog signalling. Mechanisms of Development. 85(1-2):147-159
Pelegri, F. and Schulte-Merker, S. (1999) A gynogenesis-based screen for maternal-effect genes in the zebrafish, Danio rerio. In The Zebrafish: Genetics and Genomics, H.W. Detrich, III, M. Westerfield, and L.I. Zon, eds., San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Methods Cell Biol.. 60:1-20
Grandel, H. and Schulte-Merker, S. (1998) The development of the paired fins in the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Mechanisms of Development. 79:99-120
Lee, K.H., Marden, J.J., Thompson, M.S., MacLennan, H., Kishimoto, Y., Pratt, S.J., Schulte-Merker, S., Hammerschmidt, M., Johnson, S.L., Postlethwait, J.H., Beier, D.C., and Zon, L.I. (1998) Cloning and genetic mapping of zebrafish BMP-2. Developmental genetics. 23:97-103
Kishimoto, Y., Lee, K.H., Zon, L., Hammerschmidt, M., and Schulte-Merker, S. (1997) The molecular nature of zebrafish swirl: BMP2 function is essential during early dorsoventral patterning. Development (Cambridge, England). 124:4457-4466
Schulte-Merker, S., Lee, K.J., McMahon, A.P., and Hammerschmidt, M. (1997) The zebrafish organizer requires chordino. Nature. 387(6636):862-863
Schulte-Merker, S. and Smith, J.C. (1995) Mesoderm formation in response to Brachyury requires FGF signalling. Current biology : CB. 5:62-67
Schulte-Merker, S., Hammerschmidt, M., Beuchle, D., Cho, K.W., De Robertis, E.M., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1994) Expression of zebrafish goosecoid and no tail gene products in wild-type and mutant no tail embryos. Development (Cambridge, England). 120:843-852
Schulte-Merker, S., van Eeden, F.J.M., Halpern, M.E., Kimmel, C.B., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1994) no tail (ntl) is the zebrafish homologue of the mouse T (Brachyury) gene. Development (Cambridge, England). 120:1009-1015
Joly, J.S., Joly, C., Schulte-Merker, S., Boulekbache, H., and Condamine, H. (1993) The ventral and posterior expression of the zebrafish homeobox gene eve1 is perturbed in dorsalized and mutant embryos. Development (Cambridge, England). 119:1261-1275
Schulte-Merker, S., Ho, R.K., Herrmann, B.G., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1992) The protein product of the zebrafish homologue of the mouse T gene is expressed in nuclei of the germ ring and the notochord of the early embryo. Development (Cambridge, England). 116:1021-1032