Mutant analyses reveal different functions of fgfr1 in medaka and zebrafish despite conserved ligand-receptor relationships

Yokoi, H., Shimada, A., Carl, M., Takashima, S., Kobayashi, D., Narita, T., Jindo, T., Kimura, T., Kitagawa, T., Kage, T., Sawada, A., Naruse, K., Asakawa, S., Shimizu, N., Mitani, H., Shima, A., Tsutsumi, M., Hori, H., Wittbrodt, J., Saga, Y., Ishikawa, Y., Araki, K., and Takeda, H.
Developmental Biology   304(1): 326-337 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Araki, Kazuo, Carl, Matthias, Hori, Hiroshi, Naruse, Kiyoshi, Sawada, Atsushi, Shima, Akihiro, Shimada, Atsuko, Takeda, Hiroyuki, Wittbrodt, Jochen, Yokoi, Hayato
Medaka, Zebrafish, fgfr1, Mesoderm, fgf8, Evolution, Divergence of gene function
MeSH Terms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning/genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Computational Biology
  • DNA Primers
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Mesoderm/physiology*
  • Microspheres
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation/genetics
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Oryzias/embryology
  • Oryzias/genetics*
  • Phylogeny
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics*
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/metabolism
  • Species Specificity
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
17261279 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
Medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a small freshwater teleost that provides an excellent developmental genetic model complementary to zebrafish. Our recent mutagenesis screening using medaka identified headfish (hdf) which is characterized by the absence of trunk and tail structures with nearly normal head including the midbrain-hindbrain boundary (MHB). Positional-candidate cloning revealed that the hdf mutation causes a functionally null form of Fgfr1. The fgfr1(hdf) is thus the first fgf receptor mutant in fish. Although FGF signaling has been implicated in mesoderm induction, mesoderm is induced normally in the fgfr1(hdf) mutant, but subsequently, mutant embryos fail to maintain the mesoderm, leading to defects in mesoderm derivatives, especially in trunk and tail. Furthermore, we found that morpholino knockdown of medaka fgf8 resulted in a phenotype identical to the fgfr1(hdf) mutant, suggesting that like its mouse counterpart, Fgf8 is a major ligand for Fgfr1 in medaka early embryogenesis. Intriguingly, Fgf8 and Fgfr1 in zebrafish are also suggested to form a major ligand-receptor pair, but their function is much diverged, as the zebrafish fgfr1 morphant and zebrafish fgf8 mutant acerebellar (ace) only fail to develop the MHB, but develop nearly unaffected trunk and tail. These results provide evidence that teleost fish have evolved divergent functions of Fgf8-Fgfr1 while maintaining the ligand-receptor relationships. Comparative analysis using different fish is thus invaluable for shedding light on evolutionary diversification of gene function.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes