The Zebrafish moonshine Gene Encodes Transcriptional Intermediary Factor 1gamma, an Essential Regulator of Hematopoiesis

Ransom, D.G., Bahary, N., Niss, K., Traver, D., Burns, C., Trede, N.S., Paffett-Lugassy, N., Saganic, W.J., Lim, C.A., Hersey, C., Zhou, Y., Barut, B.A., Lin, S., Kingsley, P.D., Palis, J., Orkin, S.H., and Zon, L.I.
PLoS Biology   2(8): E237 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Bahary, Nathan, Barut, Bruce, Burns (Erter), Caroline, Hersey, Candace, Lin, Shuo, Paffett-Lugassy, Noelle, Ransom, David G., Saganic, Walter, Traver, David, Trede, Nick, Zhou, Yi, Zon, Leonard I.
Zebrafish, Embryos, Hematopoiesis, Gene expression, Cell differentiation, Apoptosis, Blood, Red blood cells
MeSH Terms
  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Nucleus/metabolism
  • Cell Survival
  • Cell Transplantation
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Codon, Terminator
  • DNA/chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry
  • Erythrocytes/cytology
  • Erythrocytes/pathology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology
  • Heterochromatin/metabolism
  • Homozygote
  • Immunoblotting
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/genetics*
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/physiology*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
15314655 Full text @ PLoS Biol.
Hematopoiesis is precisely orchestrated by lineage-specific DNA-binding proteins that regulate transcription in concert with coactivators and corepressors. Mutations in the zebrafish moonshine (mon) gene specifically disrupt both embryonic and adult hematopoiesis, resulting in severe red blood cell aplasia. We report that mon encodes the zebrafish ortholog of mammalian transcriptional intermediary factor 1gamma (TIF1gamma) (or TRIM33), a member of the TIF1 family of coactivators and corepressors. During development, hematopoietic progenitor cells in mon mutants fail to express normal levels of hematopoietic transcription factors, including gata1, and undergo apoptosis. Three different mon mutant alleles each encode premature stop codons, and enforced expression of wild-type tif1gamma mRNA rescues embryonic hematopoiesis in homozygous mon mutants. Surprisingly, a high level of zygotic tif1gamma mRNA expression delineates ventral mesoderm during hematopoietic stem cell and progenitor formation prior to gata1 expression. Transplantation studies reveal that tif1gamma functions in a cell-autonomous manner during the differentiation of erythroid precursors. Studies in murine erythroid cell lines demonstrate that Tif1gamma protein is localized within novel nuclear foci, and expression decreases during erythroid cell maturation. Our results establish a major role for this transcriptional intermediary factor in the differentiation of hematopoietic cells in vertebrates.
Genes / Markers
Show all Figures
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes