Evaluation of fentanyl toxicity and metabolism using a zebrafish model
- Cooman, T., Bergeron, S.A., Coltogirone, R., Horstick, E., Arroyo, L.
- Journal of applied toxicology : JAT 42(4): 706-714 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Bergeron, Sadie, Horstick, Eric
- fentanyl, metabolism, opioids, toxicity, zebrafish
- MeSH Terms
- Embryo, Nonmammalian
- 34647333 Full text @ J. Appl. Toxicol.
Cooman, T., Bergeron, S.A., Coltogirone, R., Horstick, E., Arroyo, L. (2021) Evaluation of fentanyl toxicity and metabolism using a zebrafish model. Journal of applied toxicology : JAT. 42(4):706-714.
The increased abuse of novel drugs has created a critical need for cheap and rapid in vivo models to understand whole organism drug-induced toxicity and metabolic impacts. One such model is zebrafish, which share many similarities to human. Assays have been developed for behavioral, toxicity, and metabolism elucidation following chemical exposure. The zebrafish model provides the advantage of assessing these parameters within a single study. Previous zebrafish studies have evaluated the behavioral effects of fentanyl, but not developmental toxicity and its relation to metabolism. In this study, we evaluate the effects of fentanyl on the development of wild-type (TL strain) zebrafish and its metabolism over 4 days. Fertilized eggs were exposed to six concentrations of fentanyl (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 50, and 100 μM) through embryo media incubated at 28-29°C. Observations included egg coagulation, somite formation, heartbeat, tail and yolk morphology, pericardial formation, and swim bladder inflation. The incubation media was analyzed for the presence of metabolites using a targeted metabolomics approach. Fentanyl concentration caused significant effects on survival and development, with notable defects to the tail, yolk, and pericardium at 50 and 100 μM. Despropionyl fentanyl (4-ANPP), β-hydroxy fentanyl, and norfentanyl were detected in zebrafish larvae. We present a single in vivo model to assess toxicity and metabolism of fentanyl exposure in a vertebrate model system. Our findings provide a foundation for further investigations into fentanyl's mechanism of action and translation to human drug exposure.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes