Development of a Mucus Gland Bioreactor in Loach Paramisgurnus dabryanus

Zhou, T., Zhou, B., Zhao, Y., Li, Q., Song, G., Zhu, Z., Long, Y., Cui, Z.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences   22(2): (Journal)
Registered Authors
Cui, Zongbin, Zhu, Zuoyan
bioreactor, interferon, loach, mucus gland, transgenic animal
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Bioreactors*
  • Cypriniformes/physiology*
  • Exocrine Glands/metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Order
  • Genetic Vectors/genetics
  • Interferons/metabolism
  • Mucus/metabolism*
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
33445609 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
Most currently available bioreactors have some defects in the expression, activity, or purification of target protein and peptide molecules, whereas the mucus gland of fish can overcome these defects to become a novel bioreactor for the biopharmaceutical industry. In this study, we have evaluated the practicability of developing a mucus gland bioreactor in loach (Paramisgurnus dabryanus). A transgenic construct pT2-krt8-IFN1 was obtained by subcloning the promoter of zebrafish keratin 8 gene and the type I interferon (IFN1) cDNA of grass carp into the SB transposon. The IFN1 expressed in CIK cells exhibited an antiviral activity against the replication of GCRV873 and activated two genes downstream of JAK-STAT signaling pathway. A transgenic loach line was then generated by microinjection of the pT2-krt8-IFN1 plasmids and in vitro synthesized capped SB11 mRNA. Southern blots indicated that a single copy of IFN1 gene was stably integrated into the genome of transgenic loach. The expression of grass carp IFN1 in transgenic loaches was detected with RT-PCR and Western blots. About 0.0825 µg of grass carp IFN1 was detected in 20 µL mucus from transgenic loaches. At a viral titer of 1 × 103 PFU/mL, plaque numbers on plates containing mucus from transgenic loaches reduced by 18% in comparison with those of the control, indicating that mucus of IFN1-transgenic loaches exhibited an antiviral activity. Thus, we have successfully created a mucus gland bioreactor that has great potential for the production of various proteins and peptides.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes