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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-201120-61
The second pharyngeal pouch is generated by dynamic remodeling of endodermal epithelium in zebrafish
Okada, K., Takada, S.
Date: 2020
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   147(24): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Takada, Shinji
Keywords: Endoderm, Epithelial remodeling, Operculum, Pharyngeal arch, Pharyngeal pouch, Segmentation
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning/genetics
  • Branchial Region/growth & development*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Embryonic Development/genetics*
  • Endoderm/growth & development*
  • Endoderm/metabolism
  • Epithelium/growth & development
  • Epithelium/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Gills/growth & development
  • Mesoderm/growth & development
  • Neural Crest/growth & development
  • Paired Box Transcription Factors/genetics*
  • Pharynx/growth & development
  • Signal Transduction/genetics
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
PubMed: 33158927 Full text @ Development
Pharyngeal arches (PA) are segmented by endodermal outpocketings called pharyngeal pouches (PPs). Anterior and posterior PAs appear to be generated by different mechanisms, but it is unclear how the anterior and posterior PAs combine. Here, we addressed this issue with precise live imaging of PP development and cell tracing of pharyngeal endoderm in zebrafish embryos. We found that 2 endodermal bulges are initially generated in the future second PP (PP2) region, which separates anterior and posterior PAs. Subsequently, epithelial remodeling causes contact between these two bulges, resulting in the formation of mature PP2 with a bilayered morphology. The rostral and caudal bulges develop into the operculum and gill, respectively. Development of the caudal PP2 and more posterior PPs is affected by impaired retinoic acid signaling or pax1 dysfunction, suggesting that the rostral front of posterior PA development corresponds to the caudal PP2. Our study clarifies an aspect of PA development that is essential for generation of a seamless array of pharyngeal arches in zebrafish.